Advertisement

Global private higher education: an empirical profile of its size and geographical shape

  • Daniel C. Levy
Article

Abstract

Societies’ relative use of private and public services is an abiding and significant issue of scholarly and policy interest. For higher education, however, there has hitherto been no comprehensive dataset and, accordingly, no extensive, reliable analysis of the private-public distribution. As this article provides both the dataset and the analysis, it allows us to discover both the size and geographical shape of global private higher education. Having grown greatly for decades, the private sector now holds a third (32.9%) of the world’s total higher education enrollment. We find striking patterns of concentration and dispersion. The several largest country systems account for much of the private enrollment but, simultaneously, private sectors now exist in all but a few systems; a stunning 97.6% of the world’s present enrollment is in systems with dual-sector provision. Societies no longer rely exclusively on public provision. We discover too that private enrollment concentrates mostly in developing regions, though it is noteworthy in developed regions as well. Asia and Latin America are the twin giants but in all regions, at least 10% of students are in the private sector.

Keywords

Private Public Global Regional Sectors 

References

  1. ADB. (2012). Private higher education across Asia. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: ADB.Google Scholar
  2. Bjarnason, S. (2009). A new dynamic: private higher education. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  3. Buckner, E. (2017). The worldwide growth of private higher education: cross-national patterns of higher education institution foundings by sector. Sociology of Education, 90(4), 296–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Geiger, R. L. (1986). Private sectors in higher education. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hunt, S., Callender, C., & Parry, G. (2016). The entry and experience of private providers of higher education in six countries. London: Centre for Global Higher Education.Google Scholar
  6. Jamshidi, L., Arasteh, H., NavehEbrahim, A., Zeinabadi, H., & Rasmussen, P. D. (2012). Developmental patterns of privatization in higher education. Higher Education, 64(6), 789–803.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Joshi, K. M., & Paivandi, S. (2015). Private higher education. New Delhi: B. R. Publishing Corporation.Google Scholar
  8. Kinser, K., Levy, D. C., Silas, J. C., Bernasconi, A., Slantcheva, S., Otieno, W., … Lasota, R. (2010). The global growth of private higher education. CA: Wiley.Google Scholar
  9. Kwiek, M. (2017). De-privatization in higher education. Higher Education, 74(2), 259–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Levy, D. C. (1986). Higher education and the state in Latin America: private challenges to public dominance. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  11. Levy, D. C. (1992). Private institutions of higher education. In B. R. Clark & G. Neave (Eds.), The encyclopedia of higher education (Vol. 2, pp. 1183–1195). New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  12. Levy, D. C. (2013). The decline of private higher education. Higher Education Policy, 26, 25–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mabizela, M. (2007). Special issue: private surge amid public dominance. In M. Mabizela, D. C. Levy, & W. Otieno, (Eds.), (Vol. 5). Senegal: Journal of Higher Education in Africa/ Revue de l’Enseignement Superieur En Afrique.Google Scholar
  14. Marginson, S. (2007). The public/private divide in higher education: a global revision. Higher Education, 53(3), 307–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Powell, W. W., & Steinberg, R. (Eds.). (2006). The nonprofit sector: a research handbook (2nd ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Shah, M., & Nair, C. S. (2016). A global perspective on private higher education. Cambridge: Elsevier Chandos Publishing.Google Scholar
  17. Shils, E. (1973). The American private university. Minerva, 11(1), 6–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Slantcheva, S., & Levy, D. C. (Eds.). (2007). Private higher education in post-communist Europe (1st ed.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  19. Teixeira, P., Landoni, P., & Gilani, Z. (2017). Rethinking the public-private mix in higher education. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational Policy & LeadershipSUNY AlbanyAlbanyUSA

Personalised recommendations