Higher Education

, Volume 70, Issue 2, pp 187–202 | Cite as

Evolution of research universities as a national research system in Korea: accomplishments and challenges

  • Jung Cheol Shin
  • Soo Jeung Lee


This article focuses on South Korea, where the basis of the economy rapidly transformed from labor-intensive industries to heavy/chemical industries and then to technology-based industries within a short time period. The Korean case shows how national research systems evolve along with economic development. On the other hand, such rapid research system development is accompanied by problems and challenges. This article focuses on university research as a part of Korea’s national research system in support of economic development, what Korean research universities have accomplished through policy initiatives, and the challenges the universities currently face.


Research systems Korean research university Research funding system Academic governance Academic culture 



This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (NRF-2014028698).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EducationSeoul National UniversityKwanak-gu, SeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Education Research InstituteSeoul National UniversityKwanak-gu, SeoulSouth Korea

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