Higher Education

, Volume 49, Issue 1–2, pp 119–133 | Cite as

Border crossings: Research training, knowledge dissemination and the transformation of academic work

  • Jürgen Enders


At the crossroads of current innovation policies towards a European Research Area (ERA) and a European Higher Education Area (EHEA) lies an important province of higher learning and research: doctoral training and the further careers of PhD graduates. A considerable number of higher education systems across Europe shift their paradigms for doctoral training away from the traditional so-called Humboldtian model towards the so-called professional model. On this background, the paper discusses (1) the German pattern of a strong link of the PhD to the labor market outside academe that is based on a traditional academic-disciplinary mode of apprenticeship training, and (2) approaches that argue for a new mode of knowledge production replacing an academic-disciplinary model of research training by a hybrid model that crosses disciplinary and organizational borders. The paper argues that a diversity of organisational and structural forms as well as different validation criteria and procedures will probably determine the future face of research training.


Research training Humboldtian model Academic work 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jürgen Enders
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Higher Education Policy StudiesUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

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