Advertisement

Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 79, Issue 3, pp 331–343 | Cite as

Effect of supplemental irrigation on the relationships between leaf ABA concentrations, tiller development and photosynthate accumulation and remobilization in winter wheat

  • Xiang Lin
  • Dong Wang
  • Shubo Gu
  • Philip J. White
  • Kun Han
  • Jie Zhou
  • Shipeng Jin
Original paper

Abstract

Drought after the jointing stage restricted the growth and yield formation in wheat. Supplemental irrigation (SI) at Z31 (Zadoks Stage 31) reduced the ABA concentrations in the leaves of the inferior tillers (T3 and T10) and improved the survival rate of the tillers. Additional SI at Z60 reduced the ABA concentrations in the flag leaves of ear-bearing stems after anthesis and increased the assimilate accumulation and the 1000-grain weight. These two SIs increased the yield by 16.7–32.2 % compared with a rainfed control (W0). Delaying the first SI from Z31 to Z34 or Z39 reduced the ABA concentrations in the leaves of the main stem and superior tillers (T1 and T2) but increased the ABA concentrations in the leaves of the inferior tillers at Z45 and reduced the survival rate of the tillers. Delaying SI from Z31 and Z60 (W1) to Z34 and Z69 (W2) increased the partitioning of the recent (14C-labelled) assimilate to the stems plus sheaths and stalk plus glume at anthesis and the grains at maturity and increased the 1000-grain weight and the grain yield significantly. However, if SI was applied too late, i.e., at Z39 and Z77 (W3), the redistribution of the recent assimilate from the vegetative organs to the grain after anthesis and the grain yield at maturity were reduced. These data suggested that: (1) a lower soil moisture at the early jointing stage elevated the ABA concentrations in the inferior tillers and inhibited their growth; (2) if SI was applied too late (W3) senescence of the inferior tillers could not be halted; and (3) low ABA concentrations in the leaves during the later grain filling following the late SI (W3) were correlated with a reduced transfer of assimilates from the vegetative organs to the grain, leading to a significant reduction in the grain weight at maturity.

Keywords

Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Supplemental irrigation Abscisic acid Tiller development Remobilization of assimilates Yield 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31271660), the Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest of China (No. 201503130) and the Rural and Environment Science and Analytical Services Division (RESAS) of the Scottish Government through Work Package 3.3 ‘The soil, water and air interface and its response to climate and land use change’ (2011–2016).

References

  1. Artlip T, Madison J, Setter T (1995) Water deficit in developing endosperm of maize: cell division and nuclear DNA endoreduplication. Plant, Cell Environ 18:1034–1040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Berry PM, Spink JH, Foulkes MJ, Wade A (2003) Quantifying the contributions and losses of dry matter from non-surviving shoots in four cultivars of winter wheat. Field Crops Res 80:111–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bollmark M, Kubat B, Eliasson L (1988) Variations in endogenous cytokinin concentrations during adventitious root formation in pea cuttings. J Plant Physiol 132:262–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cai T, Xu H, Peng D, Yin Y, Yang W, Ni Y, Chen X, Xu C, Yang D, Cui Z, Wang Z (2014) Exogenous hormonal application improves grain yield of wheat by optimizing tiller productivity. Field Crops Res 155:172–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen C, Wang E, Yu Q, Zhang Y (2010) Quantifying the effects of climate trends in the past 43 years (1961–2003) on crop growth and water demand in the North China Plain. Clim Change 100:559–578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cooperative Research Group on Chinese Soil Taxonomy (CRGCST) (2001) Chinese soil taxonomy. Science Press, Beijing, pp 246–247Google Scholar
  7. Cuenca RH (1989) Irrigation system design—an engineering approach. Prentice Hall Inc, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, p 552Google Scholar
  8. Daie J, Wyse R (1982) Adaptation of the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to the quantitative analysis of abscisic acid. Anal Biochem 119:365–371CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Dewdney SJ, McWha JA (1979) Abscisic acid and the movement of photosynthetic assimilates towards developing wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grains. Z Pflanzenphysiol 92:183–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dofing SM, Knight CW (1992) Alternative model for path analysis of small-grain yield. Crop Sci 32:487–489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gao Z, Chen X, Luo Y (2007) Effects of rewatering during tillering stage after previous water stress on winter wheat root and shoot growth and their relations. Agric Res Arid Areas 25:145–150Google Scholar
  12. García del Moral LF, Ramos JM, García del Moral B, Jimenez-Tejada MP (1991) Ontogenic approach to grain production in spring barley based on path-coefficient analysis. Crop Sci 31:1179–1185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gebbing T, Schnyder H, Kühbauch W (1999) The utilization of preanthesis reserves in grain filling of wheat. Assessment by steady state 13CO2/12CO2 labelling. Plant, Cell Environ 22:851–858CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Guo J, Chen E, Yin Y, Wang P, Li Y, Chen X, Wu G, Wang Z (2013) Nitric oxide content in wheat leaves and its relation to programmed cell death of main stem and tillers under different nitrogen levels. J Integr Agric 12:239–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Han H, Tian Z, Fan Y, Cui Y, Cai J, Jiang D, Cao W, Dai T (2015) Water-deficit treatment followed by re-watering stimulates seminal root growth associated with hormone balance and photosynthesis in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings. Plant Growth Regul 77:201–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hertel C, Leuchner M, Rötzer T, Menzel A (2012) Assessing stand structure of beech and spruce from measured spectral radiation properties and modeled leaf biomass parameters. Agric For Meteorol 165:82–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jalilian J, Modarres-Sanavy SAM, Saberali SF, Sadat-Asilan K (2012) Effects of the combination of beneficial microbes and nitrogen on sunflower seed yields and seed quality traits under different irrigation regimes. Field Crops Res 127:26–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jones HG, Kirby EJM (1977) Effects of manipulation of number of tillers and water supply on grain yield in barley. J Agric Sci 88:391–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Klepper BR, Rickman W, Peterson CM (1982) Quantitative characterization of vegetative development in small cereal grains. Agron J 74:789–792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kramer PJ, Boyer JS (1995) Water relations of plant and soil. Academic Press, San Diego, p 495Google Scholar
  21. Liu Y, Ding Y, Wang Q, Li G, Xu J, Liu Z, Wang S (2011) Effect of plant growth regulators on growth of rice tiller bud and changes of endogenous hormones. Acta Agron Sin 37:670–676Google Scholar
  22. Loveys B, Kriedemann P (1974) Internal control of stomatal physiology and photosynthesis. I. Stomatal regulation and associated changes in endogenous levels of abscisic and phaseic acids. Funct Plant Biol 1:407–415Google Scholar
  23. Ma X, Liang Z (1997) Studies on the effects of endogeneous hormones in winter wheat tillers during the course of senescence. Acta Agron Sin 23:200–207Google Scholar
  24. Moragues M, García del Moral LF, Moralejo M, Royo C (2006) Yield formation strategies of durum wheat landraces with distinct pattern of dispersal within the Mediterranean basin I: yield components. Field Crops Res 95:194–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Myers PN, Setter TL, Madison JT, Thompson JF (1990) Abscisic acid inhibition of endosperm cell division in cultured maize kernels. Plant Physiol 94:1330–1336CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. Papakosta DK, Gagianas AA (1991) Nitrogen and dry matter accumulation, remobilization and losses for Mediterranean wheat during grain filling. Agron J 83:864–870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Qin S, Zhang Z, Ning T, Ren S, Su L, Li Z (2013) Abscisic acid and aldehyde oxidase activity in maize ear leaf and grain relative to post-flowering photosynthetic capacity and grain-filling rate under different water/nitrogen treatments. Plant Physiol Biochem 70:69–80CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Seiler C, Harshavardhan VT, Rajesh K, Reddy PS, Strickert M, Rolletschek H, Scholz U, Wobus U, Sreenivasulu N (2011) ABA biosynthesis and degradation contributing to ABA homeostasis during barley seed development under control and terminal drought-stress conditions. J Exp Bot 62:2615–2632CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Shi W, Tao F, Liu J (2013) Changes in quantity and quality of cropland and the implications for grain production in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain of China. Food Secur 5:69–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sparkes DL, Holme SJ, Gaju O (2006) Does light quality initiate tiller death in wheat? Eur J Agron 24:212–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sreenivasulu N, Harshavardhan VT, Govind G, Seiler C, Kohli A (2012) Contrapuntal role of ABA: Does it mediate stress tolerance or plant growth retardation under long-term drought stress? Gene 506:265–273CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Thomas A (2008) Development and properties of 0.25-degree gridded evapotranspiration data fields of China for hydrological studies. J Hydrol 358:145–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Van Herwaarden AF, Angus JF, Richards RA, Farquhar GD (1998) ‘Haying-off’, the negative grain yield response of dry-land wheat to nitrogen fertiliser. II. Carbohydrate and protein dynamics. Aust J Agric Res 49:1083–1093CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wang J, Wang E, Yang X, Zhang F, Yin H (2012a) Increased yield potential of wheat–maize cropping system in the North China Plain by climate change adaptation. Clim Change 113:825–840CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wang X, Cai J, Liu F, Jin M, Yu H, Jiang D, Wollenweber B, Dai T, Cao W (2012b) Pre-anthesis high temperature acclimation alleviates the negative effects of post-anthesis heat stress on stem stored carbohydrates remobilization and grain starch accumulation in wheat. J Cereal Sci 55:331–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wang Y, Li B, Du M, Eneji AE, Wang B, Duan L, Li Z, Tian X (2012c) Mechanism of phytohormone involvement in feedback regulation of cotton leaf senescence induced by potassium deficiency. J Exp Bot 63:5887–5901CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. Wang D, Yu Z, White PJ (2013) The effect of supplemental irrigation after jointing on leaf senescence and grain filling in wheat. Field Crops Res 151:35–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Whaley JM, Sparkes DL, Foulkes MJ, Spink JH, Semere T, Scott RK (2000) The physiological response of winter wheat to relations in plant density. Ann Appl Biol 137:167–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wright S, Hiron R (1969) (+)-Abscisic acid, the growth inhibitor induced in detached wheat leaves by a period of wilting. Nature 224:719–720CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wu D, Yu Q, Lu C, Hengsdijk H (2006) Quantifying production potentials of winter wheat in the North China Plain. Eur J Agron 24:226–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Xiao D, Tao F (2014) Contributions of cultivars, management and climate change to winter wheat yield in the North China Plain in the past three decades. Eur J Agron 52:112–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Xu Z, Zhou G, Shimizu H (2010) Plant responses to drought and rewatering. Plant Signal Behav 5:649–654CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  43. Yang J, Zhang J (2006) Grain filling of cereals under soil drying. New Phytol 169:223–236CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Yang J, Zhang J, Wang Z, Zhu Q, Liu L (2001a) Water deficit-induced senescence and its relationship to the remobilization of pre-stored carbon in wheat during grain filling. Agron J 93:196–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Yang J, Zhang J, Wang Z, Zhu Q (2001b) Activities of starch hydrolytic enzymes and sucrose-phosphate synthase in the stems of rice subjected to water stress during grain filling. J Exp Bot 52:2169–2179PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Yang D, Luo Y, Ni Y, Yin Y, Yang W, Peng D, Cui Z, Wang Z (2014) Effects of exogenous ABA application on post-anthesis dry matter redistribution and grain starch accumulation of winter wheat with different staygreen characteristics. Crop J 2:144–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zadoks JC, Chang T, Konzak CF (1974) A decimal code for the growth stages of cereals. Weed Res 6:415–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Zhang X, Chen S, Liu M, Pei D, Sun H (2005) Improved water use efficiency associated with cultivars and agronomic management in the North China Plain. Agron J 97:783–790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zhang Q, Sun P, Singh VP, Chen X (2012) Spatial-temporal precipitation changes (1956–2000) and their implications for agriculture in China. Global Planet Change 82–83:86–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zhang X, Wang Y, Sun H, Chen S, Shao L (2013) Optimizing the yield of winter wheat by regulating water consumption during vegetative and reproductive stages under limited water supply. Irrig Sci 31:1103–1112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zhang H, Liu K, Wang Z, Liu L, Yang J (2015) Abscisic acid, ethylene and antioxidative systems in rice grains in relation with grain filling subjected to postanthesis soil-drying. Plant Growth Regul 76:135–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zhao D, Shen J, Lang K, Liu Q, Li Q (2013) Effects of irrigation and wide-precision planting on water use, radiation interception, and grain yield of winter wheat in the North China Plain. Agric Water Manag 118:87–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zheng Y, Ma X, Chi D, Gao A, Li L, Liu W (2013) Comparative proteomic analysis of spike-development inhibited and normal tillers of wheat 3558. J Integr Agric 12:398–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiang Lin
    • 1
  • Dong Wang
    • 1
  • Shubo Gu
    • 1
  • Philip J. White
    • 2
  • Kun Han
    • 1
  • Jie Zhou
    • 1
  • Shipeng Jin
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Agronomy, Shandong Agricultural University, State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Key Laboratory of Crop Ecophysiology and Farming System, Ministry of AgricultureCooperative Innovation Centre of Shandong Wheat-Corn CropsTaianPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.The James Hutton InstituteInvergowrie, DundeeUK

Personalised recommendations