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Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 75, Issue 2, pp 473–481 | Cite as

The biology and haustorial anatomy of semi-parasitic Monochasma savatieri Franch. ex Maxim

  • Muhan Zhang
  • Yulu Chen
  • Yao Ouyang
  • Zhigang Huang
  • Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva
  • Guohua Ma
Original Paper

Abstract

Monochasma savatieri Franch. ex Maxim is a perennial herb used in traditional Chinese medicine. In this study, we report on the semi-parasitism of M. savatieri for the first time and identify mosses (Hypnum plumaeforme and Funaria bygrometrica) as the primary host as well as 25 secondary host species. This species is well-suited to a subtropical hill and mountainous moist monsoon climate and grows well in hilly and sunny terrains. The anatomy of its semi-parasitic haustoria was also studied. A single strand of straight vessels branches out, and curved vessels are connected to the stele of the parent plant root rather than to the parent root directly. This might assist with the absorption of nutrients and can prevent backflow of nutrients. M. savatieri is becoming rare or even extinct in many areas. An understanding of the basic biology of this species, in particular the functioning of its haustoria, would enable further studies on its conventional as well as in vitro propagation.

Keywords

Monochasma savatieri Biology Haustorial anatomy Semiparasitism 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant nos. 31100498, 31270720 and 30972295).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, South China Botanical GardenThe Chinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.University of the Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Huizhou Jiuhui Pharmaceutical Company LimitedHuizhouChina
  4. 4.Kagawa-kenJapan

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