Monti Dauni district (Apulia region, southern Italy): an environment promoting on farm conservation of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) landraces

Abstract

The results of the exploration missions for the gathering of legume germplasm in Monti Dauni district (southern Italy) are presented. The 52% of collected samples were common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), mainly white seeded types. Information acquired in the frame of different research areas, such as passport data, GIS data, historical documents on crop cultivation in the study district, were integrated data with orthophotos and satellite images. This interdisciplinary approach allowed to obtain a multidimensional data set for the collected local varieties. A similar holistic approach permits a better knowledge of the link between the local varieties and the traditional area of cultivation, as well as the contextualization of their cultivation in both space and time. The merger of different information overcomes the limits derived from the use of a single methodology and might support local communities and policy-makers in the planning of effective actions aimed to safeguard the autochthonous germplasm.

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Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Programma Sviluppo Rurale (PSR) FEASR 2007–2013, Asse II “Miglioramento dell’Ambiente e dello Spazio Rurale”. Misura 214 Az. 4 sub azione a) Progetti integrati per la biodiversità—Progetto “Recovery, characterization, preservation and valorisation of legumes, cereals and forage in Apulia” (SaVeGraINPuglia).

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Correspondence to Angela Rosa Piergiovanni.

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10722_2019_810_MOESM1_ESM.docx

Pictures showing common bean seeds of some collected accessions. (For village correspondence, see Figure 1). (DOCX 570 kb)

10722_2019_810_MOESM2_ESM.png

Satellite image of the collection site near Orsara di Puglia (lat. 41.31545 lon. 15.27165) by Google maps (accessed February 2019). (PNG 1748 kb)

10722_2019_810_MOESM3_ESM.jpg

Arable land near the collection site of Rocchetta Sant’Antonio. Left: satellite image available on the portal Sentinel2look (https://landsatlook.usgs.gov/sentinel2/viewer.html); right: land use map available on the S.I.T. portal (https://webapps.sit.puglia.it/freewebapps/UDS2011/index.html). (JPEG 163 kb)

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Piergiovanni, A.R., Procino, G., Cifarelli, S. et al. Monti Dauni district (Apulia region, southern Italy): an environment promoting on farm conservation of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) landraces. Genet Resour Crop Evol 66, 1459–1468 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-019-00810-9

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Keywords

  • Germplasm
  • GIS
  • Land use
  • Phaseolus vulgaris
  • Safeguard