A total of twenty-five grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) genotypes of released varieties, advanced lines, mutants and local collections were explored in this study. These genotypes were cultivated for two succeeding years in three different locations namely red lateritic zone (Shekhampur), gangetic alluvial zone (Kalyani) and saline zone of Sundarban region of west Bengal (Kakdwip) to evaluate the performance on the basis of yield and quality traits. The stability of the genotypes was established by AMMI and Biplot analysis. It was found that the neurotoxin content of grass pea, β-L-oxalyl-2,3diaminopropionic acid (β-ODAP), did not show any difference under various environmental conditions and the gangetic alluvial zone was proved to be the ideal test location for grass pea genotypes. The BK-37-2 advanced line was found to be the most stable genotype in respect of yield under all the tested environments and can be used in future breeding programmes.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Abate M, Mekbib F, Ayana A, Nigussie M (2015) Genotype × environment and stability analysis of oil content in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) evaluated across diverse agro-ecologies of the Awash Valleys in Ethiopia. Am J Exp Agric 9(2):1–12
Abd El-Moneim AM, van Dorrestein B, Baum M (2000) Improving the nutritional quality and yield potential of grasspea (Lathyrus sativus). Food Nutr Bull 21:493–496
Ahmadi J, Vaezi B, Shaabani A, Khademi K (2012) Multi-environment yield trials of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) in Iran using AMMI and SREG GGE. J Agric Sci Technol 14:1075–1085
Allkin R, Macfarlance TD, White RJ, Bisby FA, Adey ME (1983) Names and synonyms of species and subspecies in the Vicieae. Vicieae Database Proj Publ 2(2):46
Balzarini M, Bruno C, Arroyo A (2005) Análisis de ensayos agrícolas multiambientales: Ejemplos con Info-Gen. Ed. ISBN 987-05-0349-7. Córdoba, 141
Basford KE, Cooper M (1998) Genotype × environment interactions and some considerations of their implications for wheat breeding in Australia. Aust J Agric Res 49(2):154–174
Becker HC, Leon J (1988) Stability analysis in plant breeding. Plant Breed 101(1):1–23
Brahim NB, Combes D, Marrakchi M (2001) Autogamy and allogamy in genus Lathyrus. Lathyrus Lathyrism Newsl 2:21–26
Campbell CG, Briggs CJ (1987) Registration of low neurotoxin content Lathyrus germplasm LS 8246. Crop Sci 27:821
Ceccarelli S (1989) Wide adaptation: How wide? Euphytica 40:197–205
Communication Team ICARDA. (3/12/2007). ICARDA Annual Report 2006. Aleppo, Syria: The International Center for Agriculture Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)
Communication Team ICARDA. (4/11/2008). ICARDA Annual Report 2007. Aleppo, Syria: The International Center for Agriculture Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)
Cornelius PL, Crossa J, Seyedsadr MS (1996) Statistical test and estimators of multiplicative models for genotype-by-environment interaction: genotype by environment interaction. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 199–234
Crinò P, Polignano GB, Tavoletti S (2004) Grass pea, a potentially important crop in Mediterranean agriculture. Grain Leg 40:6–7
Crossa J, Cornelius PL (1997) Sites regression and shifted multiplicative model clustering of cultivar trials sites under heterogeneity of variances. Crop Sci 37:406–415
Crossa J, Cornelius P, Yan W (2002) Biplots of linear bilinear models for studying crossover genotype × environment interaction. Crop Sci 42:619–633
Dixit GP, Parihar AK, Bohra A, Singh NP (2016) Achievements and prospects of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) improvement for sustainable food production. Crop J 4(5):407–416
Duke JA (1981) Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. Plenum Press, New York, p 345
Eberhart SA, Russel WA (1966) Stability parameters for comparing varieties. Crop Sci 6:36–40
Frutos E, Galindo MP, Leiva V (2014) An interactive biplot implementation in R for modeling genotype-by-environment interaction. Stoch Environ Res Risk Assess 28:1629
Gabriel KR (1971) The biplot graphical display of matrices with applications to principal component analysis. Biometrika 58:453–467
Granati E, Bisignano V, Chiaretti D, Crinò P, Polignano GB (2003) Characterization of Italian and exotic Lathyrus germplasm for quality traits. Genet Resour Crop Evol 50(3):273–280
Hanbury CD, Sarker A, Siddique KHM, Perry MW (1995) Evaluation of Lathyrus germplasm in a mediterranean type environment in south-western Australia. Co-operative Research Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture. Occasional Paper No. 8
Hanbury CD, Siddique KHM, Galwey NW, Cocks PS (1999) Genotype-environment interaction for seed yield and ODAP concentration of Lathyrus sativus and L. cicera in Mediterranean-type environments. Euphytica 110(1):45–60
Hanbury CD, White CL, Mullan BP, Siddique KHM (2000) A review of the potential of L. sativus and L. cicera grain for use as animal feed. Anim Feed Sci Technol 87:1–27
ICAR (2009) Project Coordinator’s report of all India coordinated research project on mungbean, urdbean, lentil, lathyrus, rajmash and pea. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi
Jackson P, Robertson M, Cooper M, Hammer GL (1998) The role of physiological understanding in plant breeding: from a breeding perspective. Field Crops Res 49:11–37
Kang MS (1997) Using genotype-by-environment interaction for crop cultivar development. Adv Agron 62:199–252
Lakew B, Mehari M, Alamerew S (2014) Genotype × environment interaction and yield stability of malt barley genotypes evaluated in Tigray, Ethiopia using the AMMI analysis. Asian J Plant Sci 13(2):73–79
Lal MS, Agrawal I, Chitale MW (1986) Genetic improvement of chickling vetch ( Lathyrus sativus L.) in Madhya Pradesh, India. In: Kaul AK, Combes D (eds) Lathyrus and lathyrism. Third World Medical Research Foundation, New York, pp 146–160
Lazányi J (2000) Grass pea and green manure effects in the Great Hungarian Plain. Univ. West. Aust., Centre Leg. Med. Agric., Lathyrus Lathyrism Newsl 1
Lowry OH, Rosebrough NJ, Farr AL, Randall RJ (1951) Protein measurement with folin phenol reagent. J Biol Chem 193:265–275
Malek MA (1998) Genetic resources of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) in Bangladesh. In: Mathur PN, Rao VR (eds) Lathyrus genetic resources network: Proceedings of IPGRI-ICARDA-ICAR regional working group meeting. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, IPGRI Office for South Asia, New Delhi, India, pp 1–6
Mera M, Tay J, France A (2003) Luanco-INIA, a large-seeded cultivar of Lathyrus sativus released in Chile. Lathyrus Lathyrism Newsl 3:26
Nassar R, Hühn M (1987) Studies on estimation of phenotypic stability: tests significance for nonparametric measures of phenotypic stability. Biometrics 43(1):43–53
Nel MM, Agenbag GA, Purchase JL (1998) Sources of variation for yield, protein content and hectoliter mass of spring wheat cultivars of the Western and Southern Cape. S Afr J Plant Soil 15(2):72–79
Palmer VS, Kaul AK, Spencer PS (1989) International Network for the Improvement of Lathyrus sativus and the eradication of lathyrism (INILSEL): a TWMRF initiative. In: Spencer PS (ed) The grasspea: threat and promise. Third World Medical Research Foundation, New York, pp 219–223
Pandey RL, Chitale MW, Sharma RN et al (1996) Status of Lathyrus research in India. In: Arora RK, Mathur PN, Riley KW et al (eds) Lathyrus genetic resources in Asia: Proceedings of regional workshop. Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur, India. IPGRI Office for South Asia, New Delhi, India, pp 45–52
Pearson K (1901) On lines and planes of closest fit to systems of points in space. Philos Mag 2:559–572
Petterson DS, Sipsas S, Mackintosh JB (1997) The chemical composition and nutritive value of Australian pulses. Grains Research and Development Corporation, Canberra
Polignano GB, Bisignano V, Tomaselli V, Uggenti P, Alba V, Della Gatta C (2009) Genotype × environment interaction in grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) lines. Int J Agron. https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/898396
Prodanov M, Sierra I, Vidal-Valverde C (2004) Influence of soaking and cooking on the thiamin, riboflavin and niacin contents of legumes. Food Chem 84(2):271–277
Qayyum KM, Abdul MS (2001) Analysis of genome differentiation between high toxin and low toxin accessions of Lathyrus sativus using RAPD markers. Pak J Biol Sci 4:1526–1530
Ramagosa I, Fox PN (1993) Genotype-environment interaction and adaptation. In: Hayward MD, Bosemark NO, Romagosa I (eds) Plant breeding: principles and prospects. Chapman and Hall, London, pp 373–390
Rao SLN (1978) A sensitive and specific calorimetric method for determination of á, â-diaminopropionic acid and Lathyrus sativus neurotoxin. Anal Biochem 86:386–395
Sharma RN, Chitale MW, Ganvir GB, Geda AK, Pandey RL (2000) Observations on the development of selection criterion for high yield and low neurotoxin in grass pea based on genetic resources. Lathyrus Lathyrism Newsl 1:15–16
Tadesse W, Bekele E (2003) Phenotypic diversity of Ethiopian grass pea (Lathyrus sativus) in relation to geographical regions and altitudinal range. Genet Resour Crop Evol 50:497–505
Vaz Patto MC, Hanbury CD, Moorhem MV, Lambein F, Ochatt SJ, Rubiales D (2011) Grass pea. In: Kole C (ed) Genetics, genomics and breeding of cool season grain legumes. Genetics, genomics and breeding of crop plants. Science Publishers, Enfield, pp 151–204
Yadav CR (1996) Genetic evaluation and varietal improvement of grasspea in Nepal. In: Arora RK, Mathur PN, Riley KW et al (eds) Lathyrus geneticresources in Asia: Proc regional work-shop. Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur, India. IPGRI Office for South Asia, New Delhi, India, pp 21–27
Yan W, Tinker NA (2006) Biplot analysis of multi-environment trial data: principles and applications. Can J Plant Sci 86:623–645
Yang HM, Zhang XY (2005) Considerations on the reintroduction of grass pea in China. Lathyrus Lathyrism Newsl 4:22–26
The authors sincerely acknowledge the help received from Department of Genetics, BCKV, Mohanpur, staff members in phenotyping work. The funding for this experiment was beared jointly from the financial support of Department of Agricultural Co-operation (DAC)-India and ICARDA.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Chatterjee, C., Debnath, M., Karmakar, N. et al. Stability of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) genotypes in different agroclimatic zone in eastern part of India with special reference to West Bengal. Genet Resour Crop Evol 66, 1515–1531 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-019-00809-2
- Grass pea