Advertisement

Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 66, Issue 2, pp 555–565 | Cite as

A study of a promising root tuber-producing crop, “Soh-phlong” (Flemingia procumbens Roxb., Fabaceae) from Meghalaya, India

  • Anjula PandeyEmail author
  • S. Nivedhitha
  • R. Bhardwaj
  • R. S. Rathi
  • Ram Singh
  • Sukheimon Passah
Notes on Neglected and Underutilized Crops
  • 164 Downloads

Abstract

An indigenous promising root tuber crop ‘Soh-phlong’ (Flemingia procumbens Roxb.) was studied for morphology and selected proximate components and micro-nutrients in root tubers based on field surveys undertaken in the areas of cultivation. The analysis was presented from the perspective of crop diversification, extended use and value addition for the benefit of farmers. Knowledge on ethnobotanical and domestication trends was revisited for identification of hidden potential value of this crop for search of plant based health supplements and eco-friendly bio-pesticides.

Keywords

Health vegetable Meghalaya Organoleptic evaluation Peanut taste Soh-phlong 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors express their sincere thanks to the Director, ICAR-NBPGR, New Delhi for guidance as well as for providing all available help rendered during the course of study. Acknowledgements are also due to Dr SP Ahlawat, Head of the Division of Plant Exploration and Germplasm Collection, ICAR-NBPGR, New Delhi and In-Charge ICAR-NBPGR, Regional Station, Shillong for sharing material for study, and to Drs KC Bhatt and K Pradheep for fruitful discussion. Facilities rendered by the BSI (Shillong and Dehradun) and FRI (Dehradun) to study the herbarium specimens are duly acknowledged.

Funding

This study was conducted by using the institutional funding resources from ICAR-NBPGR, New Delhi.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest on the content of manuscript and study undertaken.

Research involving human participants and informed consent

A clear expression of consent was obtained from the farmers/informants who participated in discussion, provided feedback on elaborating the purpose of research study; they provided information on undertaking data on knowledge resource.

References

  1. AOAC (2016) Official methods of analysis of AOAC International, 20th edn. AOAC, RockvilleGoogle Scholar
  2. Arivalagan M, Bhardwaj R, Padmanabhan S, Suneja P, Hebbar KB, Kanade S (2018) Biochemical and nutritional characterization of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) haustorium. Food Chem 238:153–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arora RK, Pandey A (1996) Wild edible plants of India: diversity, conservation and use. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  4. Awasthi RP, Borthakur DN (1986) Agronomic evaluation of rice varieties in upland terraces of Meghalaya. Indian J Agric Sci 56(10):703Google Scholar
  5. Awasthi RP, Kari S, Grewal JS (1981) Effect of soil burning on the growth and yield of potato in Khasi Hills Meghalaya. Indian J Agric Sci 51(5):315Google Scholar
  6. Baldermann S, Blagojević L, Frede K, Klopsch R, Neugart S, Neumann A, Ngwene B, Norkeweit J, Schröter D, Schröter A, Schweigert FJ, Wiesner M, Schreiner M (2018) Neglected plants the food for future? Crit Rev Plant Sci.  https://doi.org/10.1080/07352689.2016.1201399 Google Scholar
  7. Bhatt KC (1990) Ethnobotanical studies of some remote areas of Pithoragarh and Chamoli District. Thesis submitted to HNB University of Garhwal, Uttarakhand, for award of Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Botany (unpublished) Google Scholar
  8. Bussmann RW, Glenn A (2011) Medicinal plants used in Northern Peru for the treatment of bacterial and fungal infections and inflammation symptoms. J Med Plant Res 5(8):1297–1304Google Scholar
  9. Chandrasekara A, Kumar TJ (2016) Roots and tuber crops as functional foods: a review on phytochemical constituents and their potential health benefits. Intern J Food Sci.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/3631647 Google Scholar
  10. Chaudhri AB (2005) Forests plants of eastern India. Ashish, New Dehli, pp 205–206Google Scholar
  11. Chhetri RB (2006) Trends in ethnodomestication of some wild plants in Meghalaya, Northeast India. Indian J Trad Knowl 5(3):342–347Google Scholar
  12. Collet H (1902) Flora Simelensis. Botanical Survey of India, CalcuttaGoogle Scholar
  13. Das B, Tandon V, Saha N (2004) Effects of phytochemicals of Flemingia vestita (Fabaceae) on glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and enzymes of gluconeogenesis in a cestode (Raillietina echinobothrida). Comp Biochem Physiol Part C Toxicol Pharmacol 139(1–3):141–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Flach M, Rumawas F (eds) (1996) Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates. Plant resources of South-East Asia, vol 9. Backhuys Publishers, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  15. Gangwar AK, Ramakrishnan PS (1989) Cultivation and use of lesser-known plants of food value by tribals in north-east India. Agric Ecosys Environ 25(2–3):253–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gaur RD (1999) Flora of the district Garhwal, North West Himalaya: with ethnobotanical notes. Trans Media Publisher, SrinagarGoogle Scholar
  17. Hedge JE, Hofreiter BT (1962) In: Whistler RL, Be Miller JN (eds) Carbohydrate chemistry, vol 17. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Hrckova G, Velebny S (2013) Pharmacological potential of selected natural compounds in the control of parasitic diseases. Springer, ViennaCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hynniewta SR (2010) Ethnobotanical studies in Khasi Hills, Meghalaya. North Eastern Hill University, ShillongGoogle Scholar
  20. Jyrwa RB, Boro S, Bharadwaj B (2017) Flemingia vestita—a review on the unexplored plant from the north east India. World J Pharma Life Sci 3(1):650–658Google Scholar
  21. Kar P, Tandon V, Saha N (2002) Anthelmintic efficacy of Flemingia vestita: genistein-induced effect on the activity of nitric oxide synthase and nitric oxide in the trematode parasite. Parasitol Int 51(3):249–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kayang H (2007) Tribal knowledge on wild edible plants of Meghalaya, Northeast India. Indian J Trad Knowl 6(1):177–181Google Scholar
  23. KVK (2013) Report of Krishi Vigyan Kendra: success story, the success of the first ever ‘Sohphlong and Neilshow’ cum training programme on PPVFR act, 13–14 Dec 2001Google Scholar
  24. Lekhak MM, Nandikar MD, Yadav SR (2011) Karyomorphology of Flemingia nilgheriensis (Baker) Wight ex T. Cooke: an endemic from Western Ghats. Cytologia 76:243–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Longvah T, Ananthan R, Bhaskarachary K, Venkaiah K (2017) Indian food composition tables. National Institute of Nutrition, HyderabadGoogle Scholar
  26. Maheshwari JK (1986) Interdisciplinary approaches in ethnobotany. In: Jain SK (ed) A manual of ethnobotany. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, pp 23–32Google Scholar
  27. Mansfeld R, Büttner R, Hanelt P (2001) Mansfeld’s encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops (except ornamentals), vol 2. Springer, Berlin, p 769Google Scholar
  28. National Research Council (2002) Tropical legumes: resources for the future. Books for Business, The Minerva Group Inc., New York, pp 37–38Google Scholar
  29. Nivedhitha S, Hajong S, Talang H, Ahlawat SP, Mishra AK (2017) Meghalaya’s underutilized potential leguminous root crop - ‘Soh-phlang’. ICAR News, New Delhi, p 23Google Scholar
  30. Osmaston AE (1927) A forest flora for Kumaon. Government Press, AllahabadGoogle Scholar
  31. Polunin O, Stainton A (1984) Flowers of the Himalaya. Oxford University Press, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  32. Pandey A (2018) Underutilized plant species in Asia-Pacific Region. In: Regional expert consultation on underutilized crops for food and nutrition security in Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand, 11–16 Nov 2017Google Scholar
  33. Pandey A, Arora RK (2004) Potential for domestication of wild species in the Indian Gene Centre. In: Dhillon BS, Tyagi RK, Lal A, Saxena S (eds) Plant genetic resources management. Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, pp 56–78Google Scholar
  34. Papri REP, Tandon V (1998) Anthelmintic efficacy of Flemingia vestita (Leguminoceae): genistein—induced alterations in the activity of tegumental enzymes in the cestode. Parasitol Int 47(3):233–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Pugh BM (1951) Agriculture in the Cherrapunji-Laithysew area. Allahabad Farmer 25:56–69Google Scholar
  36. Ramakrishnan PS (2007) Indigenous fellow management based on Flemingia vestita in northeastern India. In: Cairns ME (ed) Voices from forest: integrating Indigenous knowledge into sustainable upland farming. Resources for Future Press, Washington, pp 237–247Google Scholar
  37. Rathi RS, Singh SK, Misra AK, Roy S (2012) Sohflong - Meghalaya me ugai jane wali daliyen kand. Kheti July 2012:18–19 (in Hindi) Google Scholar
  38. Rao HS, Reddy KS (1991) Isofavones from Flemingia vestita. Fitoterapia 62(5):458Google Scholar
  39. Rao RR (1981) Ethnobotany of Meghalaya: medicinal plants used by Khasi and Garo tribes. Econ Bot 35:4–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ren S, Gilbert MG (2010) Flemingia Roxburgh ex WT Aiton. Hort Kew (ed. 2) 4:349Google Scholar
  41. Roy B, Tandon V (1996) Effect of root-tuber extract of Flemingia vestita, a leguminous plant, on Artyfechinostomum sufrartyfex and Fasciolopsis buski: a scanning electron microscopy study”. Parasitol Res 82(3):248–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Singh HB, Arora RK (1973) Soh-phlong, Moghania vestita—a leguminous root crop of India. Econ Bot 27(3):332–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Singleton VL, Orthofer R, Lamuela-Raventos RM (1999) Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin–Ciocalteu reagent. Methods Enzymol 299:152–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Standal BR, Harry A, Standal GSS (1985) Nutrient content of tribal foods from India: Flemingia vestita and Perilla frutescens. J Plant Foods 6(3):147–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Tandon V, Pal P, Roy B, Rao HS, Reddy KS (1997) In vitro anthelmintic activity of root-tuber extract of Flemingia vestita, an indigenous plant in Shillong, India. Parasitol Res 83(5):492–498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Tandon V, Saha N (2006) Effect of isoflavone from Flemingia vestita (Fabaceae) on the Ca2+ homeostasis in Raillietina echinobothrida. Parasitol Int 55(1):17–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Tandon V, Das B (2007) In vitro testing of anthelmintic efficacy of Flemingia vestita (Fabaceae) on carbohydrate metabolism in Rallietina echinobothrida. Methods 42(4):330–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Tyagi RK, Pandey A, Agrawal A, Varaprasad KS, Paroda RS, Khetarpal R (2018) Regional expert consultation on underutilized crops for food and nutrition security in Asia and the Pacific—thematic, strategic papers and country status reports. APAARI Bangkok, Thailand, 13–15 Nov 2017Google Scholar
  49. Uphof JCTH (1968) Dictionary of economic plants, 2nd edn. Verlag von J Cramer, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  50. Van Valkenburg JL, Bunyapraphatsara N (eds) (2001) Plant resources of South-East Asia 12(2): medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Backhuys Publisher, Leiden, pp 267–270Google Scholar
  51. Watt G (1890) A dictionary of the economic products of India, vol 3. W. H. Allen, London, pp 403–404Google Scholar
  52. Wickens GE, Haq N, Day P (eds) (1989) New crops for food and industry. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  53. WOI (1982) The wealth of India, vol 45. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi, p 47Google Scholar
  54. Yadav AK, Tandon V, Rao HSP (1992) In vitro anthelmintic activity of fresh tuber extract of Flemingia vestita against Ascaris suum. Fitoterapia 63:395–398Google Scholar
  55. Yang RY, Keding GB (2009) Nutritional contributions of important African indigenous vegetables. In: Shackleton CM, Pasquini MW, Drescher AW (eds) African indigenous vegetables in urban agriculture. Earthscan, London, pp 105–144Google Scholar
  56. Zeven AC, de Wet MJ (1982) Dictionary of cultivated plants and their centres of diversity. Centre for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation, Wageningen, p 83Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anjula Pandey
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Nivedhitha
    • 1
  • R. Bhardwaj
    • 1
  • R. S. Rathi
    • 1
  • Ram Singh
    • 2
  • Sukheimon Passah
    • 2
  1. 1.ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (ICAR-NBPGR)New DelhiIndia
  2. 2.School of Social ScienceCollege of Post Graduate Studies (Central Agricultural University)BarapaniIndia

Personalised recommendations