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Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 65, Issue 5, pp 1503–1516 | Cite as

DNA profiling of figs (Ficus carica L.) from Slovenia and Californian USDA collection revealed the uniqueness of some North Adriatic varieties

  • Tea Knap
  • Mallikarjuna Aradhya
  • Alenka Baruca Arbeiter
  • Matjaž Hladnik
  • Dunja Bandelj
Research Article

Abstract

A set of 23 local varieties from Slovenia and 218 fig accessions from Californian fig germplasm collection were compared to determine the identity of genotypes and their possible genetic relationships. Figs were genotyped using twelve microsatellite loci. One hundred alleles were identified over all microsatellite loci with an average of 8.33 alleles per locus and a polymorphic information content of 0.557 per locus. DNA genotyping demonstrated a relatively high level of genetic diversity between analysed figs. Comparison of fig genotypes from Slovenia and California demonstrated that only six Slovenian varieties shared identical DNA profiles with figs from the Californian collection, while the other 17 Slovenian varieties were unique and characteristic to the North Adriatic region. The information obtained will contribute to a better management of fig genetic resources.

Keywords

Ficus carica L. SSR Slovenian varieties Californian germplasm Genetic identity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Slovenian Research Agency, as a part of bilateral project Slovenia-United States of America (BI-US/16-17-019) and Young Researcher Programme (37503).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This manuscript does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

10722_2018_634_MOESM1_ESM.docx (38 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 37 kb)
10722_2018_634_MOESM2_ESM.docx (19 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 19 kb)

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Information TechnologiesUniversity of PrimorskaKoperSlovenia
  2. 2.National Clonal Germplasm Repository, USDA-ARSUniversity of California, DavisDavisUSA

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