Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 62, Issue 7, pp 1121–1126 | Cite as

Cleome viscosa: a promising underutilized minor crop

  • Shveta Saroop
  • Veenu Kaul
Notes on Neglected and Underutilized Crops


Cleome viscosa, a neglected crop grows as a weed along roadsides, wastelands and other degraded areas in various warmer parts of the world including India. In spite of this, several local communities in India use it as a green leafy vegetable and its seed as condiment. Used in ayurvedic system of medicine for activities like anthelminthic, analgesic, antipyretic, antidiarrhoeal, anticonvulsant, hepatoprotective, antibacterial, insecticidal, repellent, nematicidal, allelopathic and antimicrobial, its pharmaceutical value is intensifying day by day. The agro-economical value initiated is restricted to Himalayan region and needs to be implemented on larger scale. In this background, a holistic approach is required in disseminating the traditional knowledge, cultivation and marketing practices and conducting in-depth research studies to improve overall scenario of economic and food security. Knowledge of high fecundity (fruit and seed set) and the sex expression in improving the recently explored biodiesel potential has been discussed.


Ayurvedic Biodiesel Cleome Fecundity Sex expression 



The authors are thankful to Sonam Tamchos for his technical help. Financial assistance to Shveta Saroop in the form of UGC BSR (Basic Scientific Research) fellowship is duly acknowledged.


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of JammuJammuIndia

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