Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 63, Issue 1, pp 47–54 | Cite as

Current situation of wild Solanum spp. L. sect. Petota (Solanum, Solanaceae) in some Colombian regions

  • Jorge Mario Vélez
  • Rosana Pineda
  • Leonardo Galindo
  • Rafael Arango
  • Juan Gonzalo Morales
Research Article


Potatoes are grown as a staple food in a number of countries around the world. Potatoes production is fourth at the worldwide level and provides carbohydrates and other nutrients in several developing countries. In South America a large diversity of wild and cultivated potato genotypes have been identified, from which several species have been described in Colombia. The last known collections of wild potato germplasm in Colombia were performed up to 1992, and we know little of wild potato distribution since that time. Several factors may threaten these populations, and we performed field surveys of the Colombian populations, as well as a literature review, studies of herbarium specimens from eight Colombian herbaria and databases from reference collections available on the internet. Based in these data we performed field trips in several Colombian regions where wild and cultivated species were reported previously. We identified Solanum andreanum Baker, S. colombianum Dunal and S. flahaultii Bitter, populations according to the taxonomic concepts of Spooner and Fajardo; or S. andreanum, S. colombianum, S. flahaultii, S. moscopanum Hawkes and S. tuquerrense Hawkes, according to the taxonomy of Hawkes. We observed habitat loss or disturbance that may partially explain the apparent decrease or eventual disappearance of some species at specific sites.


Solanum andreanum Baker Solanum colombianum Dunal Solanum flahaultii Bitter Wild potato species 



This work was financed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development through the Project entitled “Estudio de la diversidad de papas silvestres (Solanum sect. Petota) asociadas a papas cultivadas (Solanum tuberosum L.) en los departamentos de Antioquia, Boyacá y Cundinamarca y Análisis de su flujo de genes en condiciones de campo”, Secretaría de Agricultura de Antioquia and Universidad Nacional de Colombia Branch Medellín. Thanks to AGROBIO and FEDEPAPA for support of some project activities and socialization events. We are very grateful to Dra. Elsa Camadro for critical review of the manuscript and useful comments that improved the document.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that we have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge Mario Vélez
    • 1
  • Rosana Pineda
    • 2
  • Leonardo Galindo
    • 2
  • Rafael Arango
    • 3
    • 5
  • Juan Gonzalo Morales
    • 4
  1. 1.Herbario Gabriel Gutiérrez, (MEDEL)Universidad Nacional de Colombia Branch MedellínMedellínColombia
  2. 2.Corporación para Investigaciones BiológicasMedellínColombia
  3. 3.Escuela de Biociencias, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad Nacional de Colombia sede MedellínMedellínColombia
  4. 4.Departamento de Ciencias AgronómicasUniversidad Nacional de Colombia sede MedellínMedellínColombia
  5. 5.Unidad de Biotecnologia VegetalCorporación para Investigaciones BiológicasMedellínColombia

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