The low molecular weight glutenin subunits (LMW-GS) are the major components of glutenins and are important for the end-use quality of wheat. Five novel LMW-GS genes (designated as LMW-Jiachazharen, LMW-Bangdadongmai-3, LMW-Jiachaaigan, LMW-Maoyintumai and LMW-Rikezehongmai) were isolated from Tibetan wheat landraces. The coding regions of LMW-Jiachazharen, LMW-Bangdadongmai-3, LMW-Jiachaaigan, LMW-Maoyintumai and LMW-Rikezehongmai were 912, 897, 915, 927 and 906 bp in length, which encoded 302, 297, 303, 307 and 300 amino acid residues, respectively. Analysis of the deduced amino acid sequences showed that the five novel genes were classified as LMW-m type, with the predicted molecular weights of 32,013.97, 31,622.89, 32,107.07, 32,939.41 and 31,731.64 Da, respectively. The LMW-Jiachazharen, LMW-Jiachaaigan, LMW-Maoyintumai possessed seven cysteine residues, which resulted from a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the G–A transition. However, except for eight conserved cysteine residues, LMW-Bangdadongmai-3 contained an extra one, as the result of a SNP of the T–C transition. In addition, the corresponding five LMW-GS were identified and confirmed by sodium SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF-MS, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the five novel genes were glutenin-like proteins and designated as LMW-m type genes. The five novel genes may be new candidate LMW-GS genes with potential value for wheat quality improvement.
LMW-GS gene Mass spectrometry Phylogenetic analysis SDS-PAGE Tibetan wheat landraces Triticum aestivum L.
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This work was supported by grants from the National Key Project of Transgenic Biologic Varieties Breeding of China (Grant No. 2011ZX08009-003) and the Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. KSCX3-EW-N-02).
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