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Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 59, Issue 8, pp 1767–1776 | Cite as

Studies on wild edible fruits of Mizoram, India used as ethno-medicine

  • T. K. Hazarika
  • Lalramchuana
  • B. P. Nautiyal
Research Article

Abstract

The traditional knowledge system has gained a prime importance in context with conservation, utilization and sustainable development of plant resources. The ethno-medicinal plants play a major role amongst the tribal and rural people in their traditional healthcare system. Considering the importance of ethno-medicines amongst the tribal people, a study was undertaken to enumerate the ethno-medicinal uses of wild edible fruits among the Mizo tribes of Aizawl district, Mizoram, India. The study was based on extensive field surveys, plant collection and the interviews with the traditional healers. Altogether 60 wild edible fruit species belonging to 35 families have been enumerated in this paper. The documented wild edible fruits are mostly used to cure gastrointestinal disorders, dermatological problems, respiratory problems, cardiovascular compliance, ENT diseases, mental problem, muscular illness, bone diseases, gynecological problem, cancers, snake bite, allergy and malaria. This indigenous system of treatment based on wild edible fruits is still an important part in Mizo social life and culture but this traditional knowledge of the local people has been transferred orally from generation to generation without proper documentation. Therefore, the claimed therapeutic values of the reported species are to be critically studied to establish their safety and effectiveness and to preserve these high valued wild edible fruits.

Keywords

Ethno-medicine India Mizoram Traditional healers Wild edible fruits 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are gratefully acknowledged and thankful to the Dean, School of Earth Sciences and Natural Resources Management, Mizoram University, Aizawl for providing all the facilities and constant encouragement during the course of investigation. Deep sense of gratitude is also due to humble villagers, traditional healers of different villages of Aizawl district of Mizoram for sharing their valuable information and cooperation during the period of study and help to explore the wild edible fruits with hidden traditional ethno-medicinal knowledge.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Horticulture, Aromatic and Medicinal Plants, School of Earth Sciences and Natural Resources ManagementMizoram UniversityTanhril, AizawlIndia

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