Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 59, Issue 4, pp 607–613 | Cite as

Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels in China: distribution, cultivation, utilization and variation

  • Hong Yi Zhang
  • Wen Gang Bi
  • Yi Yu
  • Wen Bo Liao
Notes on Neglected and Underutilized Crops


Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels has been cultivated and used in China for more than 2000 years. Its root is an important traditional Chinese medicine mainly used for tonifying blood and for treatment of anemia, rheumatism, and menstrual problems. Cultivated populations of this crop are distributed in the Gansu, Yunnan, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Hubei provinces of China. Today it is used not only for its medicinal properties, but also as a health food product, a dietary supplement, and in cosmetics. Cultivated A. sinensis can be divided into green-stemmed and purple-stemmed phenotypes according to morphological traits. The classification of the two phenotypes was supported by AFLP data. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) showed that genetic diversity was greater within populations (80.53%) than among populations (19.47%).


Angelica sinensis Cultivation Distribution Variation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hong Yi Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wen Gang Bi
    • 3
  • Yi Yu
    • 4
  • Wen Bo Liao
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Life SciencesSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Traditional Chinese MedicineGuangdong Pharmaceutical UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.China Association of Promoting Traditional Chinese MedicineBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.School of Life SciencesSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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