Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 58, Issue 6, pp 933–942 | Cite as

Relationships among Crataegus accessions sampled from Hatay, Turkey, as assessed by fruit characteristics and RAPD

  • S. Serçe
  • Ö. Şimşek
  • C. Toplu
  • Ö. Kamiloğlu
  • O. Çalışkan
  • K. Gündüz
  • M. Özgen
  • Y. A. Kaçar
Research Article


The genus Crataegus known as hawthorns, is the largest genus among the Maloideae, which comprises 265 species. Turkey is one of the genetic centers of Crataegus and there are more than 20 species found in Turkey. The fruits of Crataegus are used as food and have high flavonoid, vitamin C, glycoside, anthocyanidin, saponin, tannin, and antioxidant levels. In this study, we attempted to characterize 15 Crataegus accessions sampled from Hatay, located in Eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey. The accessions belonged to several species; C. aronia (L.) DC. var. aronia, C. aronia var. dentata Browicz, C. aronia var. minuta Browicz, C. monogyna Jacq. subsp. azarella (Griseb.) Franco, and C. orientalis Pall. ex M. Bieb. var. orientalis. Fruit characteristics of the accessions exhibited considerable variation. The multivariate, principle component and cluster analyses indicated that the accessions belonged to three groups: (1) C. aronia var. arona accessions; (2) C. aronia var. dentata accessions; and, (3) C. monogyna subsp. azarella and C. orientalis var. orientalis accessions. The principle component analysis results also revealed that the first three components explained 46, 21, and 14% of the variation, comprising a total of 81%. The fruit length and width, leaf area, and soluble solids contents were highly correlated characteristics for the first three components. The 19 RAPD primers generated a total of 107 bands, where 76 of these were polymorphic. The molecular data analyses by principle coordinate and clustering showed similar results to those of pomological characteristics. There were three groups, (1) C. aronia var. arona accessions; (2) C. aronia var. dentata accession; and, (3) C. monogyna subsp. azarella. C. orientalis var. orientalis accession grouped with C. aronia var. arona accessions. Therefore, it can be concluded that, overall, the diversity patterns of pomological and molecular data, generated by RAPD, for Crataegus are in good agreement and the accessions of C. aronia var. aronia, C. aronia var. minuta, C. monogyna subsp. azarella and C. orientalis var. orientalis accessions.


Crataegus aronia C. monogyna C. orientalis Genetic resources Germplasm Hawthorn 



We gratefully acknowledge the financial supports from the Scientific and Technological Council of Turkey (TOVAG-107O904).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Serçe
    • 1
  • Ö. Şimşek
    • 2
  • C. Toplu
    • 1
  • Ö. Kamiloğlu
    • 1
  • O. Çalışkan
    • 1
  • K. Gündüz
    • 1
  • M. Özgen
    • 3
  • Y. A. Kaçar
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Horticulture, Faculty of AgricultureMustafa Kemal UniversityAntakya, HatayTurkey
  2. 2.Biotechnology Department, Institute of Basic and Applied ScienceÇukurova UniversityAdanaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Horticulture, Faculty of AgricultureGaziosmanpaşa UniversityTaşlıçiftlik, TokatTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Horticulture, Faculty of AgricultureÇukurova UniversityAdanaTurkey

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