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Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 56, Issue 5, pp 741–747 | Cite as

Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L. a promising halophyte: cultivation, utilization and distribution in India

  • Vinayak Haribhau Lokhande
  • Tukaram Dayaram Nikam
  • Penna Suprasanna
Notes on neglected and underutilized crops

Abstract

Seapurslane, Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L. (Aizoaceae) is a pioneer, psammophytic facultative halophyte naturally growing in the subtropical, mediterranean, coastal and warmer zones of the world. The plant is utilized as a vegetable by the local peoples as well as forage for domestic animals in the coastal area. Environmentally, it is utilized for the bioreclamation of saline soil in the arid and semiarid regions and an alternative culture to problematic soils. The Sesuvium clones collected from the coastal regions of India lead to conclusions with respect to its geographical distribution and prospective utilization in the bioremediation of coastal and saline areas, as an emerging source of secondary metabolite-phytoecdysteroids in sericulture industry and cultivation on large scale for food as well as forage, of this underutilized, neglected wild and also cultivated plant species.

Keywords

Cultivation Geographical distribution India Sesuvium portulacastrum Underutilized plant Utilization 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The senior author is grateful to Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), Board of Research in Nuclear Science (BRNS) for providing the funds under Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)—University of Pune (UoP) collaborative Ph. D. research program.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vinayak Haribhau Lokhande
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tukaram Dayaram Nikam
    • 1
  • Penna Suprasanna
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of PunePuneIndia
  2. 2.Functional Plant Biology Section, Nuclear Agriculture & Biotechnology DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreTrombay, MumbaiIndia

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