Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 767–777 | Cite as

Genetic variation and species relationships in Himalayan buckwheats as revealed by SDS PAGE of endosperm proteins extracted from single seeds and RAPD based DNA fingerprints

  • Anusuya Rout
  • Nikhil K. Chrungoo
Original paper


SDS PAGE of endosperm proteins and␣RAPD profiles from different accessions of Himalayan buckwheat were studied to determine their genetic variation and phylogenetic relationships. Comparisons based on Jaccard’s coefficient and UPGMA clustering revealed interrelationships broadly in conformity with conventional treatments. Cluster analysis of the endosperm protein profiles of the selected accessions revealed three broad clusters. A moderate level of intraspecific variability was detected in the endosperm protein profile of different accessions of Fagopyrum esculentum, Moench. Three subgroups were detected in cluster 1. Subgroup 1 included varieties designated as Local, Kamroo local, OC-2 and␣VL-7 which were collected from VPKAS, Almora. Local, Kamroo local and OC-2 showed a similarity coefficient of 1.0 inspite of their being identified as different accessions. VL-7 emerged out separately from the rest of the three accessions. Accessions having winged grains and those having striations on the seed coat formed a 2nd and 3rd subgroup, respectively. IC-13145 which been identified as “F. himalianum”, showed 100%␣similarity in endosperm protein profile with IC-13376 (F. esculentum) and 85–90% similarity which other accessions of F. esculentum. Our results indicate that “F. himalianum” belongs to the esculentum group and should not be regarded as a different species. Cluster 2 included all the accessions of F. tataricum (L.) Gaertn. with Sangla 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7 and IC-412863 showing 100% similarity. F. cymosum emerged as a separate group distinct from both esculentum and tataricum. Accessions of F. tataricum and F. cymosum did not show significant intraspecific variation in the SDS PAGE profile of endosperm proteins. Out of the 20 primers used, 3 generated robust, easily interpretable amplified products. While a 1490 bp and a 300 bp RAPD was detected only in F. tataricum, a 1154 bp RAPD was detected in all accessions of F. tataricum except in Shimla B-1. This variety is early maturing and has high seed yields.


Buckwheat accessions Fagopyrum spp. Genetic diversity RAPD SDS PAGE Soluble proteins 


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The authors are thankful to the Head, Dept. of Botany for the use of laboratory facilities. Financial assistance provided by DST, New Delhi in the form of a research project to NKC is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BotanyNorth Eastern Hill UniversityShillongIndia

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