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Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 53, Issue 6, pp 1127–1135 | Cite as

Changes in seed Morphology, Dormancy and Germination from wild to Cultivated Hyacinth bean Germplasm (Lablab purpureus: Papilionoideae)

  • Brigitte L. Maass
Article

Abstract

Morphological and physiological seed characteristics of the hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureus) were investigated in a set of 18 different germplasm accessions, from wild over semi-domesticated forms to landraces and current cultivars. The objective of this study was to improve the understanding of the domestication of this tropical legume crop. Wild accessions were easily distinguished by morphological characters, such as small, greyish-brown, mottled seeds. Cultivated or semi-domesticated forms showed a much wider variation in size, colour and shape. Seed mass of cultivated accessions reached up to almost 10 times that of wild accessions. Most wild accessions showed a greater spread of germination and larger proportions of hard seeds, up to about 70%, than most cultivated and so-called semi-domesticated accessions. Cluster analysis applied separately to morphological and germination data and a subsequent discriminant analysis did not help integrating the morphological variability observed. The presumed occurrence of semi-domesticated accessions within the germplasm tested as well as the crop's origin from Africa alone or both Africa and Asia are debated on the basis of seed germination and hard seed coat dormancy.

Keywords

Domestication Genetic diversity Germination Hard seed coat dormancy Lablab purpureus Tropical legumes 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Crop and Animal Production in the TropicsGeorg-August-Universität Göttingen GöttingenGermany

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