Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 52, Issue 8, pp 1099–1109 | Cite as

A Potato Collecting Expedition in the Province of Jujuy, Argentina and Disease Indexing of Virus and Fungus Pathogens in Andean Cultivars

  • Andrea M. Clausen
  • Mónica Colavita
  • Iván Butzonitch
  • Ana Valeria Carranza


A potato collecting expedition was carried out in the province of Jujuy, Argentina in March 24 to April 15, 2001. The objective was to collect local cultivars of potatoes and wild potato species, covering high mountain valleys not previously collected or areas where germplasm was not available. A total of 247 accessions was collected, 188 cultivated accessions of S. tuberosum subsp. andigenum, four of Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum, two of S. curtilobum and 53 accessions of wild species. The wild species collected were S. acaule subsp. acaule, S. chacoense, S. infundibuliforme, S. megistacrolobum subsp. megistacrolobum, S. microdontum, S. gourlayi, S. × viirsooi and S. oplocense. Herbarium voucher specimens were obtained when possible. For the collection of cultivated potatoes, tubers were gathered from farmer's fields and in a few cases from stores or markets. Seed samples were generally obtained for the wild species. Detailed collection site data were recorded at every site. After breaking dormancy, the accessions of the cultivated species were screened for the presence of Potato virus Y (PVY), Potato virus X (PVX), Potato leafroll virus (PLRV), Potato virus S (PVS), Potato virus M (PVM), Potato virus V (PVV), Andean potato latent virus (APLV), Andean potato mottle virus (APMoV), Potato rough dwarf virus (PRDV), Potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd) and Spongospora subterranea f. sp. subterranea. PSTVd, APLV and PRDV were not detected, but different levels of infection are reported for the other pathogens assayed.


Andean potato cultivars Collecting expedition Potato genetic resources Powdery scab  Virus Wild potato species 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Albeck M.E. 1993. Contribución al estudio de los sistemas agrícolas prehispánicos de Casabindo. Doctoral thesis Universidad Nacional de La Plata.Google Scholar
  2. Arce de Hamity M.G., Zamar M.I. and Domenech S.P. 2001. Incidencia de los insectos perjudiciales a distintos estados fenológicos del cultivo de papa. X Congreso Internacional de Cultivos Andinos, San Salvador de Jujuy, Jujuy, 4–7 July, p. 17Google Scholar
  3. Astely, D., Hawkes, J.G. 1979The nature of the Bolivian weed potato species Solanum sucrense HawkesEuphytica28685696Google Scholar
  4. Butzonitch, I.P., Colavita, M., Lucarini, O. 1994El virus M de la papa en la ArgentinaBoletin Técnico No127511Google Scholar
  5. Butzonitch I.P., Nieto A., Truol G.A.M. and Colavita M.L. 1995. Características de un nuevo carlavirus relacionado con el virus S de la papa hallado en BalcarceArgentina. V Congreso Argentino de Virología. II Encuentro de virólogos Latinoamericanos, Tandil, Buenos Aires, April 24–27, p. 39.Google Scholar
  6. Cabrera, A.L. 1983Flora de la provincia de JujuyColección Científica del INTABuenos AiresGoogle Scholar
  7. Cabrera, A.L., Willink, A. 1980Biogeografía de América LatinaO.E.A.Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  8. Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP) 1993. Detección PSTVd. Hibridación de ácidos nucleicos. In: Jayasinghe U. and Salazar L.F. (eds), Manual de Técnicas en Virología de Plantas, Unidad de Capacitación 1 (TTU). CIP, LimaFasc. 3.4.1.Google Scholar
  9. Clark, M.F., Adams, A.N. 1977Characteristics of the microplate method of enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of plant virusesJ. Gen. Virol.34474482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Clausen, A.M. 1989Collecting indigenous potato varieties in Northwest ArgentinaPlant Genet. Res. Newslett.803839Google Scholar
  11. Clausen, A.M., Okada, K.A. 1987The subspecies of Solanum gourlayi HawkesPhytologia62247259Google Scholar
  12. Correll, D.S. 1962The potato and its wild relativesTexas Res. Found.RennerTXGoogle Scholar
  13. Dodds, K.S. 1962Classification of cultivated potatoesCorrell, D.S. eds. The Potato and its Wild Relatives. vol. 4Texas Res. Found. RennerTX517539Google Scholar
  14. Fernandez de Cubillos, C., Thurston, H.D. 1975The effect of viruses on infection by Phytophthora infestans (Mont) De Bary in potatoesAmer. Potato J.52221226Google Scholar
  15. Giannattasio, R.B., Spooner, D.M. 1994A reexamination of species boundaries between Solanum megistacrolobum S. toralapanum (Solanum sect. Petota series Megistacroloba): morphological dataSyst. Bot.1989105Google Scholar
  16. Harrison, J.G., Searle, R.J., Williams, N.A. 1997Powdery scab disease of potato – a reviewPlant Path.46125Google Scholar
  17. Hawkes, J.G. 1990The Potato: Evolution, Biodiversity and Genetic ResourcesBelhaven PressLondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Hawkes, J.G., Hjerting, J.P. 1969The potatoes of ArgentinaBrazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. A Biosystematic StudyOxford University PressOxfordGoogle Scholar
  19. Hawkes, J.G., Hjerting, J.P. 1983New tuber-bearing Solanum taxa from Bolivia and northern ArgentinaBot. J. Linn. Soc.86405417Google Scholar
  20. Hawkes, J.G., Hjerting, J.P. 1989The Potatoes of Bolivia. Their Breeding Value and Evolutionary RelationshipsClarendon PressOxfordGoogle Scholar
  21. Hooker, W.J. eds. 1981Compendium of Potato DiseasesThe American Phytopathological SocietySt. Paul, MNUnited StatesGoogle Scholar
  22. Huamán, Z., Spooner, D.M. 2002Reclassification of landrace populations of cultivated potatoes (Solanum sect. Petota)Amer. J. Bot.89947965Google Scholar
  23. Jeffries, C. 1998FAO/IPGRI Technical Guidelines for the Safe movement of GermplasmNo. 19. PotatoFAO, RomeIPGRIRomeGoogle Scholar
  24. Johns, T., Keen, S.L. 1986Ongoing evolution of the potato on the altiplano of western BoliviaEcon. Bot.40409424Google Scholar
  25. Jones, R.A.C., Harrison, B.D. 1969The behaviour of potato mop-top virus in soil, and evidence for its transmission by Spongospora subterranea (Wallr.) LagerhAnn. Appl. Biol.63117Google Scholar
  26. Lucero H. 1998. Sarna pulverulenta de la papa, Spongospora subterranea. Red Electrónica de la papa. CORPOICA Scholar
  27. Miller, J.T., Spooner, D.M. 1999Collapse of species boundaries in the wild potato Solanum brevicaule complex (SolanaceaeS. sect. Petota): molecular dataPlant Syst. Evol.214103130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ochoa, C.M. 1990The potatoes of South America: BoliviaCambridge University PressCambridgeGoogle Scholar
  29. Okada, K.A. 1974Colección de Solanum tuberiferos de ArgentinaINTABalcarceLista de semillas No. 3.Google Scholar
  30. Okada, K.A. 1976Exploration, conservation and evaluation of potato germplasm in ArgentinaPotato Res.19263269Google Scholar
  31. Okada, K.A. 1979Collection and taxonomy of Argentine wild species (tuber-bearing Solanums)CIPLimaPerú98113Report of the Planning Conference on the Exploration, Taxonomy and Maintenance of Potato Germplasm III.October, 15–19Google Scholar
  32. Okada, K.A., Clausen, A.M. 1982Natural hybridization between Solanum acaule Bitter and S. megistacrolobum Bitter in the province of Jujuy, ArgentinaEuphytica31817835CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Okada, K.A., Clausen, A.M. 1984Collecting potatoes in northwestern Argentina1983Amer. Potato J.64301305Google Scholar
  34. Okada, K.A., Clausen, A.M. 1985Natural triploid hybrids between Solanum acaule Bitter and S. infundibuliforme Philippi in the province of Jujuy, ArgentinaEuphytica34219231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Salazar, L.F. 1995Los virus de la papa y su controlCentro Internacional de la PapaLimaPerú226Google Scholar
  36. Spooner, D.M., Clausen, A.M. 1993Wild potato (Solanum sect. Petota) germplasm collecting expedition to Argentina in 1990, and status of Argentinian potato germplasm resourcesPotato Res.36312Google Scholar
  37. Spooner, D.M., Hijmans, R.J. 2001Potato systematics and germplasm collecting, 1989–2000Amer. J. Potato Res.78237268, 395Google Scholar
  38. Ugent, D. 1966Hybrid weed complexes in Solanum sect. TuberariumUniversity of WisconsinMadison, WIPhD. DissertationGoogle Scholar
  39. Berg, R.G., Goendijk-Wilders, N., Karkolus, J.P. 1996The wild ancestors of cultivated potato: the brevicaule-complexActa Bot. Neerl.45157171Google Scholar
  40. Berg, R.G., Miller, J.T., Ugarte, M.L., Karkolus, J.P., Villarid, J., Nienhuis, J., Spooner, D.M. 1998Collapse of morphological species in the wild potato Solanum brevicaule complex (Solanaceae: Sect. Petota)Amer. J. Bot.8592109Google Scholar
  41. Viirsoo, E.V. 1954aInforme sobre la resistencia as las heladas de algunas especies argentinas del género Solanum Revta Agron. NO Argent.18386Google Scholar
  42. Viirsoo, E.V. 1954bObservaciones en papas andinasRevta Agron. NO Argent.18798Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea M. Clausen
    • 1
  • Mónica Colavita
    • 2
  • Iván Butzonitch
    • 1
  • Ana Valeria Carranza
    • 3
  1. 1.Estación Experimental Agropecuaria BalcarceInstituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA)Argentina
  2. 2.Facultad de Ciencias AgrariasUniversidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (UNMdP)Argentina
  3. 3.Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y NaturalesUniversidad Nacional de CórdobaArgentina

Personalised recommendations