Glass Physics and Chemistry

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 96–101 | Cite as

Embrittlement of secondary Hydrogen-containing phases in Titanium-based alloys

  • E. Tal-Gutelmacher
  • D. Eliezer
Proceedings of the Third Russian-Israeli Bi-National Workshop 2004 “The Optimization of the Composition, Structure, and Properties Of Metals, Oxides, Composites, Nanomaterials, and Amorphous Materials” (St. Petersburg, Russia, June 13–23, 2004)


Titanium-based alloys possess a high strength-to-weight ratio and good corrosion resistance. Owing to this excellent combination, titanium-based alloys are among the most important materials that are promising for use not only in the production of a large variety of aerospace and chemical equipment and biomaterials but also in shipbuilding and have found other applications in industry. However, in many technological and commercial applications, these alloys are exposed to media serving as sources of hydrogen, and, therefore, severe problems can arise because of the development of their embrittlement under the effect of hydrogen. This paper reports on the results of investigations into the hydrogen embrittlement of the secondary phases formed in titanium-based alloys. The influence of low hydrogen fugacity on the microstructure of alloys was examined by X-ray powder diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The absorption and desorption characteristics of hydrogen were determined with the use of a hydrogen analyzer and thermal desorption spectroscopy, respectively. The role played by the microstructure in the hydrogen absorption and desorption is discussed in detail.


Corrosion Resistance Secondary Phasis Hydrogen Absorption Commercial Application Severe Problem 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Froes, F.H., Eylon, D., Bomberger, H., et al., in Titanium Technology: Present Status and Future Trends, Dayton: TDA, 1985.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Froes, F.H., Yau, T.L., and Weidenger, H.G., Titanium, Zirconium, and Hafnium, in Materials Science and Technology: Structure and Properties of Nonferrous Alloys, Matucha, K.H., Ed., Weinheim (Fed. Repub. Ger.): VCH, 1996, ch. 8, p. 401.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jaffee, R.I. and Compbell, I.E., Trans. Metall. Soc. AIME, 1949, vol. 185, p. 464.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Daniel, R.D., Quigg, R.J., and Troiano, A.R., Trans. ASM, 1959, vol. 51, p. 843.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Meyn, D.A., Metall. Trans. A, 1972, vol. 3, p. 2302.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nelson, H.G. and Williams, D.P., Metall. Trans. A, 1972, vol. 3, p. 2107.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Boyer, R.R. and Spurr, W.F., Metall. Trans. A, 1978, vol. 9, p. 23.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Moody, N.R. and Costa, J.E., in Microstructure/Property Relationships in Titanium Aluminides and Alloys, Kim, Y.W. and Boyer, R.R., Eds., TMS, 1991, p. 587.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nelson, H.G., Hydrogen Embrittlement—Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, in Embrittlement of Engineering Alloys, Briant, C.L. and Banejri, S.K., Eds., New York (NY): Academic, 1983, vol. 25, pp. 275–359.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tal-Gutelmacher, E., Eliaz, N., Eliezer, D., Zander, D., Jastrow, L., and Koester, U., Mater. Sci. Eng., A, 2003, vol. 358, nos.1–2, p. 219.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Irving, P.E. and Beevers, C.J., Metall. Trans. A, 1971, vol. 2, p. 613.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Millenbach, P. and Givon, M., J. Less-Common Met., 1983, vol. 92, p. 339.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Phillips, I.I., Poole, P., and Shreir, L.L., Corros. Sci., 1972, vol. 12, no.11, p. 855.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lenning, G.A., Craighead, C.M., and Jaffee, R.I., Trans. Am. Inst. Miner. Metall. Eng., 1954, vol. 200, p. 367.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gerberich, W.W., Moody, N.R., Jensen, C.L., Hayman, C., and Jatavallabhula, K., in Hydrogen Effects in Metals, Thompson, A.W. and Bernstein, I.M., Eds., Warrendale (PA): TMS-AIME, 1981, p. 731.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Young, G.A. and Scully, J.R., Scr. Metall. Mater., 1993, vol. 28, p. 507.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Tal-Gutelmacher
    • 1
  • D. Eliezer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials EngineeringBen-Gurion University of the NegelBeer-ShevaIsrael

Personalised recommendations