Glycoconjugate Journal

, Volume 24, Issue 8, pp 497–507 | Cite as

Inhibition of galectin-3 mediated cellular interactions by pectic polysaccharides from dietary sources

  • U. V. Sathisha
  • Smitha Jayaram
  • M. A. Harish Nayaka
  • Shylaja M. Dharmesh


Pectic polysaccharides from dietary sources such as Decalepis hamiltonii—swallow root (SRPP), Hemidesmus indicus (HPP), Nigella sativa—black cumin (BCPP), Andrographis serpyllifolia—(APP), Zingiber officinale—ginger (GRPP) and, citrus pectin (CPP) were examined for galectin inhibitory activity. Inhibition of (a) galectin-3 of MDA-MB-231 cells induced hemagglutination of red blood cells; (b) galectin-3 mediated interaction between normal/metastatic human buccal cells (NBC)/(MBC) and; (c) invasion of MDA-MB-231 and MBC in the invasive chamber was assessed. Results indicated that SRPP inhibited hemagglutination at Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of 1.86 μg ml−1 equivalent of carbohydrate as apposed to those of BCPP (130 μg ml−1), APP (40 μg ml−1), HPP (40 μg ml−1) and CPP (25 μg ml−1). GRPP even at concentration >1–6 mg ml−1 did not inhibit agglutination. Also SRPP showed ∼15 and 2 fold potent anti hemagglutination activity relative to that of galectin-3 specific sugars—galactose (MIC-27.1 μg ml−1) and lactose (MIC-4.16 μg ml−1) respectively. Further, SRPP at 10 μg ml−1 inhibited agglutination of NBC by galectin-3 of MDA-MB-231 cells. Modified swallow root pectic polysaccharide (MSRPP) of 50 kDa retained anti hemagglutination activity (MIC of 1.03 μg ml−1) and inhibited MDA-MB-231 and MBC invasion by 73 and 50% with an IC50 of 136 and 200 μg ml−1 respectively. Both SRPP and MSRPP induced apoptosis up to 80% at 100 μg ml−1 concentration by activating ∼2 and 8 folds of Caspase-3 activity. Sugar composition analysis and its correlation with the galectin inhibitory property indicated that pectic polysaccharides with higher arabinose and galactose content—arabinogalactan inhibited hemagglutination significantly.


Galectin-3 Pectic polysaccharide Hemagglutination Anti metastatic activity Arabinogalactan Modified pectic polysaccharide 



swallow root pectic polysaccharide


Hemidesmus pectic polysaccharide


black cumin pectic polysaccharide


Andrographis pectic polysaccharide


ginger pectic polysaccharide


citrus pectic polysaccharide


normal human buccal cells


metastatic human buccal cells


Minimum Inhibitory Concentration


modified swallow root pectic polysaccharide



Authors thank Dr. V. Prakash, Director, CFTRI, for his keen interest in the work and encouragement. Authors are also thankful to Dr. S.G. Bhat, Head, Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition and Dr. H.P. Ramesh, Head, Cell Culture Facility for their help. SMD thank Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India and Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi, India for financial assistance.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. V. Sathisha
    • 1
  • Smitha Jayaram
    • 1
  • M. A. Harish Nayaka
    • 1
  • Shylaja M. Dharmesh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and NutritionCentral Food Technological Research InstituteMysoreIndia

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