The Fock space of loopy spin networks for quantum gravity

  • Christoph Charles
  • Etera R. Livine
Research Article


In the context of the coarse-graining of loop quantum gravity, we introduce loopy and tagged spin networks, which generalize the standard spin network states to account explicitly for non-trivial curvature and torsion. Both structures relax the closure constraints imposed at the spin network vertices. While tagged spin networks merely carry an extra spin at every vertex encoding the overall closure defect, loopy spin networks allow for an arbitrary number of loops attached to each vertex. These little loops can be interpreted as local excitations of the quantum gravitational field and we discuss the statistics to endow them with. The resulting Fock space of loopy spin networks realizes new truncation of loop quantum gravity, allowing to formulate its graph-changing dynamics on a fixed background graph plus local degrees of freedom attached to the graph nodes. This provides a framework for re-introducing a non-trivial background quantum geometry around which we would study the effective dynamics of perturbations. We study how to implement the dynamics of topological BF theory in this framework. We realize the projection on flat connections through holonomy constraints and we pay special attention to their often overlooked non-trivial flat solutions defined by higher derivatives of the \(\delta \)-distribution.


Loop quantum gravity Spin networks Coarse-graining Closure constraint Holonomy constraints BF theory 



C.C. would like to thank Michel Fruchart and Dimitri Cobb for their keen insights and useful discussions with them.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physique, ENS de Lyon, CNRS (UMR 5672)Université de LyonLyonFrance

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