On the marginally trapped surfaces in 4-dimensional space-times with finite type Gauss map

Research Article


In this paper, we work on the marginally trapped surfaces in the 4-dimensional Minkowski, de Sitter and anti-de Sitter space-times. We obtain the complete classification of the marginally trapped surfaces in the Minkowski space-time with pointwise 1-type Gauss map. Further, we give a construction of a marginally trapped surface with 1-type Gauss map with a given boundary curve. We also state some explicit examples. We also prove that a marginally trapped surface in the de Sitter space-time \(\mathbb S^4_1(1)\) or anti-de Sitter space-time \(\mathbb H^4_1(-1)\) has pointwise 1-type Gauss map if and only if its mean curvature vector is parallel. Moreover, we obtain that there exists no marginally trapped surface in \(\mathbb S^4_1(1)\) or \(\mathbb H^4_1(-1)\) with harmonic Gauss map.


Minkowski space-time Marginally trapped surface  Finite type Gauss map De Sitter space-time 

Mathematics Subject Classification (2010)

53B25 53C50 



The author would like to thank to reviewers for their valuable comments which help to improve this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and LettersIstanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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