General Relativity and Gravitation

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 751–769 | Cite as

Conformal scalar propagation and Hawking radiation

  • George Tsoupros
Research Article


The construction of the conformal scalar propagator which has been obtained in the preceding two projects as an analytic function of the Schwarzschild black-hole space-time is completed with a boundary condition imposed by the physical context through contour integration in the exterior vicinity of the event horizon. It is shown that, as a consequence of the semi-classical character which the emitted quanta have in that exterior vicinity, the particle production by the Schwarzschild black hole which was formally established in the preceding project is identical to thermal Hawking radiation. By extension, it is established that such a particle production corresponds to a spectrum which detracts from thermality by the amount predicted by Parikh and Wilczek if energy conservation is properly imposed as a constraint on scalar propagation. The results obtained herein support the case made by Hawking on the relation between quantum propagation and observation of particles produced by a black hole.


Conformal Scalar propagation Schwarzschild black hole Hawking radiation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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