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General Relativity and Gravitation

, Volume 42, Issue 6, pp 1381–1398 | Cite as

Living with phantoms fields in a sheet spacetime

  • Ahmad Rami El-Nabulsi
Research Article

Abstract

We consider the flat anisotropic Bianchi I braneworld model of the universe within the framework of low energy effective string action in four-dimensions including the leading order α′ terms, two-scalar fields, their interaction, non-minimal coupling of the dark-energy scalar field to the scalar curvature and effective cosmological constant. Backward (high energy limit) and forward (low energy limit) in time analytic solutions are derived and late-time accelerated expansion was found. It is shown that during the transition from high energy limit to the low energy limit, the topology of the universe is changing in time: we have a transition from a (1 + 3) FRW homogenous and isotropic spacetime dominated by radiation to a (1 + 2) spacetime sheet dominated by phantom energy while the third spatial dimension is contracted in time. We have also found that dark matter and dark energy may be unified at early epoch in the form of radiation fluids while the late-time dynamics is governed by phantom energy and dark energy. Many interesting features are revealed.

Keywords

Bianchi I braneworld Effective cosmological constant Sheet Dilaton Dark energy Dark matter Phantom energy 

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nuclear and Energy EngineeringCheju National UniversityJejuSouth Korea

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