Domestication of small-seeded lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) landraces in Mesoamerica: evidence from microsatellite markers
- 283 Downloads
Previous studies have suggested that the Mesoamerican small-seeded landraces of Lima bean may have been domesticated more than once in Mesoamerica, once in central-western Mexico and another one in an area between Guatemala and Costa Rica. However, these findings were based on sequencing of only one locus from nuclear DNA, and additional confirmation was needed. Here we contribute with additional data on the origin of the Mesoamerican landraces and document the founder effect due to domestication. We characterized 62 domesticated, 87 wild and six weedy Lima bean accessions with ten microsatellite loci. Genetic relationships were analyzed using genetic distances and Bayesian clustering approaches. Domestication bottlenecks were documented using inter-population comparisons and M ratios. The results support at least one domestication event in the area of distribution of gene pool MI in central-western Mexico and also show that some landraces are genetically related to wild accessions of gene pool MII. Also, our data support founder effects due to domestication in Mesoamerican Lima bean landraces. Although we could not establish more specifically the place of origin of the Mesoamerican Lima bean landraces, our results show that these are not a genetically homogeneous group, a finding that may be compatible with a scenario of more than one domestication event accompanied by gene flow. The complex genetic makeup of landraces that we found indicates that a more comprehensive geographic and genomic sampling is needed in order to establish how domestication processes and gene flow have shaped the current genetic structure of landraces.
KeywordsCrop domestication Bayesian clustering Genetic distance Founder effect SSR markers Wild ancestors
The first author thanks Ciencia Básica-CONACYT (Project No. 82642) and the National Geographic Society (Grant No. 8622-09) for the economic support to carry out this research. The authors thank the International Center for Tropical Agriculture, Drs. Rogelio Lépiz and Jorge Acosta for providing seed samples. The first author thanks Julian Coello Coello and Filogonio May Pat for technical support in the field and laboratory work.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Andueza-Noh RH, Serrano-Serrano ML, Chacón Sánchez MI, Sánchez del Pino I, Camacho-Pérez L, Coello-Coello J, Mijangos Cortes JO, Debouck DG, Martínez-Castillo J (2013) Multiple domestications of the Mesoamerican gene pool of lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.): evidence from chloroplast DNA sequences. Genet Resour Crop Evol 60:1069–1086CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Debouck DG (2008) Notes sur les différents taxons de Phaseolus à partir des Herbiers-Section Paniculati. 2008. Disponible en: URL: http://www.ciat.cgiar.org/urg:233
- Debouck DG, Maquet A, Posso CE (1989) Biochemical evidence for two different gene pools in Lima beans, Phaseolus lunatus L. Ann Rep Bean Improv Coop 32:58–59Google Scholar
- Doyle JJ (1987) A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small quantities of fresh leaf tissue. Phytochem bull 19:11–15Google Scholar
- Felsenstein J (1989) PHYLIP - phylogeny inference package (version 3.2). Cladistics 5:164–166Google Scholar
- Freytag GF, Debouck DG (2002) Taxonomy, distribution, and ecology of the genus Phaseolus (Leguminosae–Papilionoideae) in North America, Mexico, and Central America. Bot. Res. Inst., Fort Worth, TX. Taxonomy, distribution, and ecology of the genus PhaseolusGoogle Scholar
- Goudet J (1995) FSTAT (version 1.2): a computer program to calculate F-statistics. J Hered 86:485–486Google Scholar
- Hardy O, Dubois S, Zoro-Bi AI, Baudoin JP, Wright S (1997) Gene dispersal and its consequences on the genetic structure of wild populations of Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) in Costa Rica. Plant Genet Resour Newsl 109:1–6Google Scholar
- Martínez-Castillo J, Camacho-Pérez L, Villanueva-Viramontes S, Andueza-Noh RH, Chacón Sánchez MI (2014) Genetic structure within the Mesoamerican gene pool of wild Phaseolus lunatus (Fabaceae) from Mexico as revealed by microsatellite markers: implications for conservation and the domestication of the species. Am J Bot 101:851–864CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Nei M (1987) Molecular evolutionary genetics. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Rambaut A, Drummond AJ (2014) FigTree. Version 1.4. Available at http://tree.bio.ed.ac.uk/software/figtree/
- Sauer JD (1993) Historical geography of crop plants. CRC, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar