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Genetica

, Volume 142, Issue 5, pp 381–395 | Cite as

Population structure and genetic analysis of narrow-clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus) populations in Turkey

  • Suleyman Akhan
  • Yusuf Bektas
  • Selcuk Berber
  • Gokhan Kalayci
Article

Abstract

The genetic differentiation among Turkish populations of the narrow-clawed crayfish was investigated using a partial sequence of cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene (585 bp) of 183 specimens from 17 different crayfish populations. Median joining network and all phylogenetic analyses disclosed a strong haplotype structure with three prominent clades diverged by a range between 20 and 50 mutations and substantial inter-group pairwise sequence divergence (5.19–6.95 %), suggesting the presence of three distinct clades within the Anatolian populations of Astacus leptodactylus. The divergence times among the three clades of Turkish A. leptodactylus are estimated to be 4.96–3.70 Mya using a molecular clock of 1.4 % sequence divergence per million years, pointing to a lower Pliocene separation. The high level of genetic variability (H d  = 95.8 %, π = 4.17 %) and numerous private haplotypes suggest the presence of refugial populations in Anatolia unaffected by Pleistocene habitat restrictions. The pattern of genetic variation among Turkish A. leptodactylus populations, therefore, suggests that the unrevealed intraspecific genetic structure is independent of geographic tendency and congruent with the previously reported geographic distribution and number of subspecies (A. l. leptodactylus and A. l. salinus) of A. leptodactylus.

Keywords

Astacus leptodactylus Cytochrome oxidase subunit I Genetic structure Turkey 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the editor and the reviewer for their time and valuable remarks. Funding for this research was provided by Scientific Project Unit of Recep Tayyip Erdogan University (Project 2009.103.02.1).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest between authors and no financial relationship with the organizations that sponsored research.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suleyman Akhan
    • 1
  • Yusuf Bektas
    • 2
  • Selcuk Berber
    • 3
  • Gokhan Kalayci
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of FisheriesAkdeniz UniversityAntalyaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of FisheriesRecep Tayyip Erdogan UniversityRizeTurkey
  3. 3.Faculty of FisheriesÇanakkale 18 Mart UniversityÇanakkaleTurkey

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