, Volume 140, Issue 10–12, pp 505–512 | Cite as

Repetitive sequences associated with differentiation of W chromosome in Semaprochilodus taeniurus

  • Maria Leandra Terencio
  • Carlos Henrique Schneider
  • Maria Claudia Gross
  • Viviane Nogaroto
  • Mara Cristina de Almeida
  • Roberto Ferreira Artoni
  • Marcelo Ricardo Vicari
  • Eliana Feldberg


The possible origins and differentiation of a ZZ/ZW sex chromosome system in Semaprochilodus taeniurus, the only species of the family Prochilodontidae known to possess heteromorphic sex chromosomes, were examined by conventional (C-banding) and molecular (cross-species hybridization of W-specific WCP, Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with telomere (TTAGGG)n, and Rex1 probes) cytogenetic protocols. Several segments obtained by W-specific probe were cloned, and the sequences localized on the W chromosome were identified by DNA sequencing and search of nucleotide collections of the NCBI and GIRI using BLAST and CENSOR, respectively. Blocks of constitutive heterochromatin in chromosomes of S. taeniurus were observed in the centromere of all autosomal chromosomes and in the terminal, interstitial, and pericentromeric regions of the W chromosome, which did not demonstrate interstitial telomeric sites with FISH of the telomere probe. The Rex1 probe displayed a compartmentalized distribution pattern in some chromosomes and showed signs of invasion of the pericentromeric region in the W chromosome. Chromosomal painting with the W-specific WCP of S. taeniurus onto its own chromosomes showed complete staining of the W chromosome, centromeric sites, and the ends of the Z chromosome, as well as other autosomes. However, cross-species painting using this WCP on chromosomes of S. insignis, Prochilodus lineatus, and P. nigricans did not reveal a proto-W element, but instead demonstrated scattered positive signals of repetitive DNAs. Identification of the W-specific repetitive sequences showed high similarity to microsatellites and transposable elements. Classes of repetitive DNA identified in the W chromosome suggested that the genetic degeneration of this chromosome in S. taeniurus occurred through accumulation of these repetitive DNAs.


Chromosomal painting FISH Microdissection Microsatellites Repetitive sequences Sex chromosome Transposable elements 



This study was supported by National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq—141660/2009-0), National Amazon Research Institute/Genetic, Conservations and Evolutionary Biology (INPA/GCBEV), The State of Amazonas Research Foundation (FAPEAM) and Centre for Studies of Adaptation to Environmental Changes in the Amazon (INCT ADAPTA,FAPEAM/CNPq 573976/2008-2), PRONEX/FAPEAM/CNPQ 003/2009.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Leandra Terencio
    • 1
  • Carlos Henrique Schneider
    • 1
  • Maria Claudia Gross
    • 2
  • Viviane Nogaroto
    • 3
  • Mara Cristina de Almeida
    • 3
  • Roberto Ferreira Artoni
    • 3
  • Marcelo Ricardo Vicari
    • 3
  • Eliana Feldberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratório de Genética AnimalInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas da AmazôniaPetrópolis, ManausBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratório de Citogenômica Animal, Departamento de Biologia, Instituto de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Federal do AmazonasManausBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratório de Citogenética e Evolução, Departamento de Biologia EstruturalUniversidade Estadual de Ponta GrossaPonta GrossaBrazil

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