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Genetica

, 139:949 | Cite as

Genetic inferences about the population dynamics of codling moth females at a local scale

  • P. Franck
  • B. Ricci
  • E. K. Klein
  • J. Olivares
  • S. Simon
  • J.-M. Cornuet
  • C. Lavigne
Article

Abstract

Estimation of demographic parameters is important for understanding the functioning of natural populations and the underlying ecological and evolutionary processes that may impact their dynamics. Here, we used sibship assignment methods to shed light on the local dynamics of codling moth females in eight orchards in a 90-ha domain near Valence, France. Based on full-sib inference among 1,063 genotyped moths, we estimated (1) the effective number of females that had offspring, (2) their fertility and (3) the distribution of their oviposition sites within and among orchards. The average number of females in all the orchards increased between the first (~130) and the second (~235) annual generations. The average fertilities of the females were similar at each generation according to the host plant considered (apple, pear, or walnut), but differed between commercial (~10) and non-treated (~25) apple orchards. Females mainly clustered their eggs on contiguous trees along orchard borders, but they also occasionally dispersed their eggs among different orchards independently of the cultivated host plants or the inter-orchard distances (up to 698 m) during the second annual generation. The mean distance between two oviposition sites was 30 m. Sibship estimates of both the effective number of females and the inter-orchard migration rates (~5%) were in agreement with the observed genetic differentiation among the eight orchards (0.006 < F st  < 0.013). These results confirm and extend previous field and laboratory observations in Cydia pomonella, and they demonstrate that sibship assignments based on genetic data are an interesting alternative to mark-release-recapture methods for inferring insect population dynamics.

Keywords

Cydia pomonella Lepidoptera Microsatellite Genetic structure Sibship assignment Population dynamics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Denis Allard and Joel Chadoeuf for their help in the development of the statistical models. We thank Hubert Defrance, Freddy Combe, Karine Morel and Jean-Francois Toubon for their assistance in collecting codling moth larvae, Dominique Beslay, Fabien Tudela and Benjamin Dolmetta in monitoring adult emergences, and Benoît Sauphanor and Thomas Guillemaud for their useful comments on early versions of the manuscript. This work was funded by INRA (Department “Santé des Plantes & Environnement”) and the ECOGER program “Ecco des vergers”.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Franck
    • 1
  • B. Ricci
    • 1
  • E. K. Klein
    • 2
  • J. Olivares
    • 1
  • S. Simon
    • 3
  • J.-M. Cornuet
    • 4
  • C. Lavigne
    • 1
  1. 1.UR1115 Plantes et Systèmes de culture Horticoles, INRAAvignon cedex 9France
  2. 2.UR546 Biostatistique et Processus Spatiaux, INRAAvignon cedex 9France
  3. 3.UE695 Recherches Intégrées, Gotheron, INRASaint-Marcel-les-ValenceFrance
  4. 4.UMR1062 Centre de Biologie et de Gestion des Populations, INRA, IRD, CIRAD, SupAgro MontpellierMontferrier-sur-Lez cedexFrance

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