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Identifying regional poverty types in Slovakia

  • Anton Michálek
  • Michala Sládeková Madajová
Article
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

Even today the poverty is an important negative social phenomenon with evident spatial dimension. Areas with high poverty concentration constitute poverty regions with plenty of common but also different or specific characteristics. Research into the specific poverty features in regions lags behind that of the common characteristics and character of poverty. The aim is to show one of ways to carry out typification of poverty regions (on example of Slovakia). A universal conceptual and methodological frame applicable to any country is presented. Regional poverty types were sorted out by application of the hierarchical agglomerative methods of cluster analysis (Ward’s method) with nine indicators capturing the generally applicable dimensions, which determine poverty and profile of poverty regions. Results confirmed the presumption that the different economic, social, demographic, cultural and other different conditions and population structure in regions may determine the character of poverty. Obtained knowledge points not only to the particular population groups, which require attention but also to the regional poverty types that should be identified for the efficient fight against poverty in these regions.

Keywords

Cluster analysis Multiple deprivations Regional poverty type Children’s poverty Roma poverty Old age poverty Work poverty Slovakia 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper has been produced under the scientific project No. 2/0009/18 funded by the VEGA Grant Agency.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geography of the Slovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia

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