, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 131–157 | Cite as

Advances in GML for Geospatial Applications

  • Chang-Tien LuEmail author
  • Raimundo F. Dos SantosJr
  • Lakshmi N. Sripada
  • Yufeng Kou


This paper presents a study of Geography Markup Language (GML), the issues that arise from using GML for spatial applications, including storage, parsing, querying and visualization, as well as the use of GML for mobile devices and web services. GML is a modeling language developed by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) as a medium of uniform geographic data storage and exchange among diverse applications. Many new XML-based languages are being developed as open standards in various areas of application. It would be beneficial to integrate such languages with GML during the developmental stages, taking full advantage of a non-proprietary universal standard. As GML is a relatively new language still in development, data processing techniques need to be refined further in order for GML to become a more efficient medium for geospatial applications.


GML XML geospatial database geospatial data storage geospatial data processing 



The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their careful reading and in-depth suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chang-Tien Lu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Raimundo F. Dos SantosJr
    • 1
  • Lakshmi N. Sripada
    • 1
  • Yufeng Kou
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityFalls ChurchUSA

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