Geotechnical and Geological Engineering

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 567–578 | Cite as

Experimental Investigation of Frictional Behavior Between Cohesive Soils and Solid Materials Using Direct Shear Apparatus

  • Marwa Feligha
  • Farid Hammoud
  • Mouloud Belachia
  • Mohamed Salah Nouaouria
Original paper


Soil shearing resistance is very important while designing various structures which have direct contact with soil, for example, sheet piles, piles, retaining walls, reinforced earth structures and shallow foundations. Even though designers use empirical values for their design, it is very important to obtain more accurate values for soil–solid materials shearing resistance. In this work, laboratory tests have been carried out to investigate the effect of roughness interface and texture models on friction angle between cohesive soils and steel, as well as abrasive paper material, using direct shear tests. All tests were carried out under consolidated drained shear conditions. The behavior at the soils–solid interface was found to vary according to surface roughness. It also seems that the type of material (steel or paper of abrasive) used does not have a major influence on the shear strength. As far as roughness is concerned, friction behavior is likely to be generally classified into three failure modes, namely full sliding at the interface, shear failure within the soil, and a mixed behavior where interface sliding and shear deformation of the soil specimen proceed simultaneously. However, for the second mode, the shear strength at the interface soil-rough solid materials steel was found to be lower than the shear strength of the soil, for a soil that is classified as high plasticity clay. Furthermore, it was found that the interfacial shear strength is independent of the texture surface for a given roughness.


Shearing resistance Soil–solid interface Roughness Surface texture 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marwa Feligha
    • 1
  • Farid Hammoud
    • 2
  • Mouloud Belachia
    • 1
  • Mohamed Salah Nouaouria
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of SkikdaSkikdaAlgeria
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of Batna 2BatnaAlgeria
  3. 3.Civil Engineering and Hydraulics LaboratoryUniversity of GuelmaGuelmaAlgeria

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