Geotechnical and Geological Engineering

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 667–682 | Cite as

A Study on Truss Bolt Mechanism in Controlling Stability of Underground Excavation and Cutter Roof Failure

  • Behrooz Ghabraie
  • Gang Ren
  • Kazem Ghabraie
  • Yi Min Xie
Original paper


The truss bolt reinforcement system has been used in controlling the stability of underground excavations in severe ground conditions and cutter roof failure in layered rocks especially in coal mines. In spite of good application reports, working mechanism of this system is largely unknown and truss bolts are predominantly designed based on past experience and engineering judgement. In this study, the reinforcing effect of the truss bolt system on an underground excavation in layered rock is studied using non-linear finite element analysis. Different indicators are defined to evaluate the reinforcing effects of the truss bolt system. Using these indicators one can evaluate the effects of a reinforcing system on the deformation, loosened area, failure prevention, horizontal movement of the immediate layer, shear crack propagation and cutter roof failure of underground excavations. Effects of truss bolt on these indicators reveal the working mechanism of the truss bolt system. To illustrate the application of these indicators, a comparative study is conducted between three different truss bolt designs. It is shown that the design parameters of truss bolt systems, including tie-rod span, length, and angle of the bolts can have significant effects on the reinforcing capability of the system.


Truss bolt Reinforcement FEM Stability indicators Underground excavation Ground control 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Behrooz Ghabraie
    • 1
  • Gang Ren
    • 1
  • Kazem Ghabraie
    • 2
  • Yi Min Xie
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Civil, Environmental and Chemical EngineeringRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering and SurveyingUniversity of Southern QueenslandToowoombaAustralia

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