Geotechnical and Geological Engineering

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 499–510 | Cite as

Numerical Study of Behavior of Circular Footing on Geogrid-Reinforced Sand Under Static and Dynamic Loading

  • A. F. Zidan
Original paper


A series of axi-symmetry models using finite element analyses were performed to investigate the behavior of circular footings over reinforced sand under static and dynamic loading. Geogrid was modeled as an elastic element and the soil was modeled using hardening soil model which use an elasto-plastic hyperbolic stress–strain relation. Several parameters including number of geogrid layers, depth to the first geogrid layer, spacing between layers and load amplitude of dynamic loading are selected in this paper to investigate the influence of these parameters on the performance of reinforced systems under both static and dynamic loads. The numerical studies demonstrated that the presence of geogrid in sand makes the relationship between contact pressure and settlement of reinforced system nearly linear until reaching the failure stage. The rate of footing settlement decreases as the number of loading cycles increases and the optimum values of the depth of first geogrid layer and spacing between layers is found 20% of the footing diameter. Some significant observations on the performance of footing-geogrid systems with change of the values of parametric study are presented in this paper.


Bearing capacity Circular footing Dynamic loading Geogrid reinforcement Finite element analysis 


  1. Alamshahi S, Hataf N (2009) Bearing capacity of strip footings on sand slopes reinforced with geogrid and grid-anchor. Geotext Geomembr 27(3):217–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bathurst RJ, Nernheim A, Walters DL, Allen TM, Burgess P, Saunders DD (2009) Influence of reinforcement stiffness and compaction on the performance of four geosynthetic–reinforced soil walls. Geosynth Int 16(1):43–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bera AK, Ghosh A, Ghosh A (2005) Regression model for bearing capacity of a square footing on reinforced pond ash. Geotext Geomembr 23(2):261–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhandari A, Han J (2010) Investigation of geotextile–soil interaction under a cyclic vertical load using the discrete element method. Geotext Geomembr 28(1):33–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Boushehrian JH, Hataf N (2003) Experimental and numerical investigation of the bearing capacity of model circular and ring footings on reinforced sand. Geotext Geomembr 21(4):241–256Google Scholar
  6. Boushehrian AH, Hataf N, Ghahramani A (2009) Numerical study of cyclic behavior of shallow foundations on sand reinforced with geogrid and grid-anchor. World Acad Sci Eng Technol 58:607–610Google Scholar
  7. Bringkgreve RBJ, Vermeer PA (1998) PLAXIS—finite element code for soil and rock analyses. Version 8.2 Plaxis BV, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  8. Chung W, Cascante G (2007) Experimental and numerical study of soil—reinforcement effects on the low strain stiffness and bearing capacity of shallow foundations. Geotech Geol Eng 25:265–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Das BM, Shin EC (1994) Strip foundation on geogrid-reinforced clay: behavior under cyclic loading. Geotext Geomembr 13(10):657–667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dash S, Sireesh S, Sitharam T (2003) Model studies on circular footing supported on geocell reinforced sand underlain by soft clay. Geotext Geomembr 21(4):197–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Deb K, Chandra S, Basudhar PK (2005) Settlement response of a multi layer geosynthetic-reinforced granular fill- soft soil system. Geosynth Int 12(6):288–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. El Sawwaf M (2005) Strip footing behavior on pile and sheet pilestabilized sand slope. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 131(6):705–715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. El Sawwaf M (2007) Behavior of strip footing on geogrid-reinforced sand over a soft clay slope. Geotext Geomembr 25(1):50–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ghosh A, Bera AK (2005) Bearing capacity of square footing on pond ash reinforced with jute-geotextile. Geotext Geomembr 23(2):144–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lovisa J, Shukla SK, Sivakugan N (2010) Behaviour of prestressed geotextile-reinforced sand bed supporting a loaded circular footing. Geotext Geomembr 28(1):23–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lysmer J, Kuhlemeyer RL (1969) Finite dynamic model for infinite media. J Eng Mech Div ASCE, 95(EM4):859–877Google Scholar
  17. Madhavi Latha G, Somwanshi AA (2009) Effect of reinforcement form on the bearing capacity of square footings on sand. Geotext Geomembr 27(6):409–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Noorzad R, Mirmoradi SH (2010) Laboratory evaluation of the behavior of a geotextile reinforced clay. Geotext Geomembr 28(4):386–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Patra CR, Das BM, Atalar C (2005) Bearing capacity of embedded strip foundation on geogrid-reinforced sand. Geotext Geomembr 23(5):454–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Patra CR, Das BM, Bhoi M, Shin EC (2006) Eccentrically loaded strip foundation on geogrid-reinforced sand. Geotext Geomembr 24(4):254–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Raymond GP (2002) Reinforced ballast behaviour subjected to repeated load. Geotext Geomembr 20(1):39–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Shin EC, Kim DH, Das BM (2002) Geogrid-reinforced railroad bed settlement due to cyclic load. Geotech Geol Eng 20(3):261–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sivakumar Babu GL, Srivastava A, Murthy DSN (2006) Reliability analysis of the bearing capacity of a shallow foundation resting on cohesive soil. Can Geotech J 43(2):217–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Tafreshi SN, Dawson AR (2010) Behaviour of footings on reinforced sand subjected to repeated loading—Comparing use of 3D and planar geotextile. Geotext Geomembr 28(5):434–447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Vinod P, Bhaskar AB, Sreehari S (2009) Behaviour of a square model footing on loose sand reinforced with braided coir rope. Geotext Geomembr 27(6):464–474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Yoon YW, Cheon SH, Kang DS (2004) Bearing capacity and settlement of tirereinforced sands. Geotext Geomembr 22(5):439–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringBeni-Suef UniversityBeni-SuefEgypt

Personalised recommendations