Geotechnical and Geological Engineering

, Volume 29, Issue 5, pp 665–673 | Cite as

Effect of Pozzolanic Reactivity on Compressibility Characteristics of Stabilised Low Lime Fly Ashes

Compressibility of low lime fly ashes
  • Arif Ali Baig Moghal
  • Puvvadi V. Sivapullaiah
Original paper


This paper presents the effects of addition of lime and lime along with gypsum on the compressibility behavior of two class F fly ashes. Since the fly ashes develop strength and exhibit lower compression, consolidation testing with conventional duration of load increment may not be appropriate. Hence, an attempt has been made to assess the minimum duration of load increment necessary to study the compressibility characteristics of such materials. Thus compressibility behavior of fly ashes with additives has been studied using conventional consolidation test with different durations of load increments varying from 30 min to 48 h. The results obtained indicated that 30 min of duration of load increment can be used to assess the compressibility behavior of such materials. The effect of lime which reduces the compression is seen to be maximum from the results obtained with the duration of load increment of 30 min but gradually reduces with higher durations of load increment. It has also been observed that the rate of decrease in the compressibility is maximum up to 2.5% lime and gradual thereafter. The compressibility of lime treated fly ashes further reduces when gypsum is incorporated, the optimum gypsum percentage being 2.5. This reduction in the compressibility of fly ashes enhanced by incorporating lime and gypsum makes them versatile in the construction of embankments and for structural fills, particularly reducing the time required in between laying of each lift.


Compressibility Fly ash Gypsum Lime Pozzolanic reactivity 



The authors are grateful to Dr. Baig MYA, Retired Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, S. V. U. C. E, Tirupati, India, for his assistance in preparing the manuscript. The authors thank the Ministry of Human Resources and Development, India and The Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India, for providing financial assistance and technical support for the project.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arif Ali Baig Moghal
    • 1
  • Puvvadi V. Sivapullaiah
    • 2
  1. 1.Eng. Abdullah Bugshan Research Chair for Expansive Soils, Department of Civil Engineering, College of EngineeringKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

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