Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 111, Issue 2–3, pp 175–188 | Cite as

Crop response to manure and fertilizer in Burkina Faso and Niger

  • M. Garba
  • I. Serme
  • N. Maman
  • O. Korodjouma
  • A. Gonda
  • C. Wortmann
  • S. Mason
Original Article


Farmyard manure (FYM) is valuable for soil management, especially for soils with < 10 g kg−1 organic C in semi-arid West Africa. This study determined short-term FYM effects on yield and on response to N, P and K fertilizer for 20 trials in Niger and 28 trials in Burkina Faso involving six crops. The comparisons were of 0 and 2.5 Mg ha−1 yr−1 FYM applied in Niger, and of 0 and 5 Mg ha−1 FYM applied once in 2 years in Burkina Faso. Fertilizer and FYM application alone had little effect on yield in Niger but there was a synergistic effect of fertilizer P with FYM which included increased mean responses to P of, respectively: 0.22 and 0.43 Mg ha−1 for sorghum grain and fodder (Sorghum bicolor L.); 0.15 and 0.27 Mg ha−1 for cowpea grain and fodder; 0.16 Mg ha−1 grain for pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) when intercropped with cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.); and 0.39 Mg ha−1 for groundnut fodder (Arachis hypogea L.). Application of FYM increased pearl millet response to N but decreased legume response to K fertilizer. In Burkina Faso, there was a mean grain yield increase of 0.29 Mg ha−1 yr−1 due to FYM and the effect of applying both FYM and fertilizer was additive except for a synergy of N fertilizer plus manure application for maize (Zea mays L.). Therefore, farmers should apply FYM and fertilizer together in Niger but these can be applied alone or together in Burkina Faso with mostly similar effects.


Organic and mineral amendments Soil fertility management Synergistic and additive effects Crop productivity Semi-arid West Africa 



Farmyard manure, primarily collected from night-time confinement of ruminants



OFRA is a partnership of 13 African countries, funded by the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), managed by CAB International and implemented with technical and scientific advisory support from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln to enable great farmer profitability from fertilizer use. We acknowledge the contributions of research support technicians in conducting field trials and of farmers who cooperated in on-farm trials.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Niger (INRAN)NiameyNiger
  2. 2.Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA)OuagadougouBurkina Faso
  3. 3.Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Niger (INRAN)MaradiNiger
  4. 4.Department of Agronomy and HorticultureUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA

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