Advertisement

Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 111, Issue 1, pp 87–98 | Cite as

Carbon sequestration and yields with long-term use of inorganic fertilizers and organic manure in a six-crop rotation system

  • Jidong Wang
  • Kaihua Wang
  • Xuejun Wang
  • Yuchun Ai
  • Yongchun Zhang
  • Jianguang Yu
Original Article

Abstract

Cultivation practices and nutrients management have a profound influence on soil productivity and the sequestration of soil organic carbon (SOC). However, there have been few integrated studies on yields and SOC dynamics following application of organic amendments in long-term multiple-crop-rotation systems. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of different nutrient management, on yield and SOC sequestration potential through a 33-year field experiment (rice–wheat/broad bean–maize/cotton–barley, each cycle of rotation taking 3 years). The treatments were (1) control, with neither fertilizers nor manure, (2) nitrogen and phosphorus but no potassium (NP), (3) nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (NPK), (4) pig manure alone (M), (5) pig manure combined with NP (MNP), and (6) pig manure combined with NPK (MNPK). MNPK increased yields by 15.2–65.8% and C sequestration by 27.0–64.4%. The rice–wheat rotation gave the highest yield and biomass C (5.27–12.59 t ha−1 yr−1), whereas the lowest biomass C was recorded in the broad bean–maize rotation (3.40–7.72 t ha−1 yr−1). The crop rotation at the site served as a C sink with a significantly higher SOC sequestration potential in the manure treatments. The observed SOC sequestration rates were lower than values commonly reported for flooded rice paddies, which is probably due to lower inputs of C especially in the broad bean–maize rotation and also in the cotton–barley rotation.

Keywords

Multiple crops rotation Organic amendment Long-term Carbon sequestration 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41201278, 41271308), the National Department Public Benefit Research Foundation of China (Grant No. 201203030) and the Jiangsu Agricultural Independent Innovation Fund (Program Name: CX (17)-1001) and the Fundamental Research Funds of Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences (Program Name: ZX (15)-6001).

References

  1. Anthoni PM, Knohl A, Rebmann C, Freibauer A, Mund M, Ziegler W, Kolle O, Schulze E (2004) Forest and agricultural land-use-dependent CO2 exchange in Thuringia, Germany. Glob Change Biol 10:2005–2019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aoyama M, Angers DA, N’Dayegamiye A, Bissonnette N (1999) Protected organic matter in water-stable aggregates as affected by mineral fertilizer and manure applications. Can J Soil Sci 79:419–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aubinet M, Moureaux C, Bodson B, Dufranne D, Heinesch B, Suleau M, Vancutsem F, Vilret A (2009) Carbon sequestration by a crop over a 4-year sugar beet/winter wheat/seed potato/winter wheat rotation cycle. Agric For Meteorol 149:407–418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bationo A, Kihara J, Vanlauwe B, Waswa B, Kimetu J (2007) Soil carbon dynamics, functions and management in West-African agro-ecosystems. Agric Syst 94:13–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brar BS, Singh K, Dheri GS (2013) Carbon sequestration and soil carbon pools in a rice–wheat cropping system: effect of long-term use of inorganic fertilizers and organic manure. Soil Tillage Res 128:30–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bremner JM (1996) Nitrogen-total. In: Sparks DL, Page AL, Helmke PA, Leoppert RH, Soltanpour PN, Tabatabai MA, Johnston CT, Sumner ME (eds) Methods of soil analysis. Part 3. Chemical methods. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, pp 1085–1121Google Scholar
  7. Cao Y, Chang ZZ, Wang JD, Ma Y, Fu G (2013) The fate of antagonistic microorganisms and antimicrobial substances during anaerobic digestion of pig and dairy manure. Bioresour Technol 136:664–671CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Covaleda S, Pajares S, Gallardo JF, Etchevers JD (2006) Short term changes in C and N distribution in soil particle size fractions induced by agricultural practices in cultivated volcanic soil from Mexico. Org Geochem 37:1943–1948CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Curtin D, Wang H, Selles F, Zentner RP, Biederbeck VO, Campbell CA (2000) A Legume green manure as partial fallow replacement in semiarid Saskatchewan: effect on carbon fluxes. Can J Soil Sci 80:499–505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dawe D, Dobermann A, Moya P et al (2000) How widespread are yield declines in long-term rice experiments in Asia? Field Crop Res 66:175–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Denef K, Six J, Paustian K, Merckx R (2001) Importance of macro-aggregate dynamics in controlling soil carbon sequestration, short-term effects of physical disturbance induced by dry-wet cycles. Soil Biol Biochem 33:2145–2153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gami SK, Lauren JG, Duxbury JM (2009) Influence of soil texture and cultivation on carbon and nitrogen levels in soils of the eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains. Geoderma 153:304–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ghosh S, Wilson B, Ghoshal S, Senapati N (2012) Organic amendments influence soil quality and carbon sequestration in the Indo-Gangetic plains of India. Agric Ecosyst Environ 156:134–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Golchin A, Oades JM, Skjemstad JO, Clarke P (1994) Study of free and occluded particulate organic matter in soils by solid state 13C Cp/MAS NMR spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Aust J Soil Res 32(2):285–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hollinger SE, Bernacchi CJ, Meyers TP (2005) Carbon budget of mature no-till ecosystem in North Central Region of the United States. Agric For Meteorol 130:59–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jagadamma S, Lal R (2010) Distribution of organic carbon in physical fractions of soils as affected by agricultural management. Biol Fertil Soils 46:543–554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kirkby CA, Richardson AE, Wade LJ et al (2014) Nutrient availability limits carbon sequestration in arable soils. Soil Biol Biochem 68:402–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kögel-Knaber I (2002) The macromolecular organic composition of plant and micriobial residues as inputs to soil organic matter. Soil Biol Biochem 34:139–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kong AY, Six J, Bryant DC (2005) The relationship between carbon input, aggregation, and soil organic carbon stabilization in sustainable cropping systems. Soil Sci Soc Am J 69:1078–1085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kundu S, Bhattacharyya R, Prakash V, Ghosh BN, Gupta HS (2007) Carbon sequestration and relationship between carbon addition and storage under rain fed soybean–wheat rotation in a sandy loam soil of the Indian Himalayas. Soil Tillage Res 92:87–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lal R (2004) Soil carbon sequestration impact on global climate change and food security. Science 304:1623–1627CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Laudicina VA, Novara A, Gristina L, Badalucco L (2014) Soil carbon dynamics as affected by long-term contrasting cropping systems and tillages under semiarid Mediterranean climate. Appl Soil Ecol 73:140–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Li Z, Liu M, Wu X (2010) Effects of long-term chemical fertilization and organic amendments on dynamics of soil organic C and total N in paddy soil derived from barren land in subtropical China. Soil Tillage Res 106:268–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Liu N, He H, Xie H, Bai Z, Zhang X, Peng C, Zhu P, Ren J, Wang L (2010) Impacts of long-term inorganic and organic fertilization on lignin in a Mollisol. J Soils Sedim 10:1466–1474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Manna MC, Swarup A, Wanjari RH, Singh YV, Ghosh PK, Singh KN, Tripathi K, Saha MN (2006) Soil organic matter in West Bengal Inceptisol after 30 years of multiple cropping and fertilization. Soil Sci Soc Am J 70:121–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mikha MM, Rice CW (2004) Tillage and manure effects on soil and aggregate-associated carbon and nitrogen. Soil Sci Soc Am J 68:809–816CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Moureaux C, Debacq A, Hoyaux J, Suleau M, Tourneur D, Vancutsem F, Bodson B, Aubinet M (2008) Carbon balance assessment of a Belgian winter wheat crop (Triticum aestivum L.). Glob Change Biol 14:1353–1366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Nelson DW, Sommers LE (1996) Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. In: Sparks DL (ed) Methods of soil analysis. Part 3—chemical methods. SSSA book series no. 5. SSSA and ASA, Madison, pp 961–1010Google Scholar
  29. Pan GX, Li LQ, Wu LS, Zhang XH (2003) Storage and sequestration potential of topsoil organic carbon in China’s paddy soils. Glob Change Biol 10:79–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Pan GX, Zhou P, Zhang XH (2006) Effect of different fertilization practices on crop carbon assimilation and soil carbon sequestration: a case of a paddy under a long term fertilization trial from the Tai Lake region, China. Acta Ecol Sin 26(11):3704–3710Google Scholar
  31. Sainju UM, Caesar-TonThat T, Lenssen AW, Evans RG, Kolberg R (2007) Long-term tillage and cropping sequence effects on dry land residue and soil carbon fractions. Soil Sci Soc Am J 71(6):1730–1739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sharma KL, Mandal UK, Srinivas K, Vittal KPR, Mandal B, Grace JK, Ramesh V (2005) Long-term soil management effects on crop yields and soil quality in a dryland Alfisol. Soil Tillage Res 83:246–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Shen MX, Yang LZ, Yao YM, Wu TD, Wang JG, Guo RL, Yin SX (2007) Long-term effects of fertilizer managements on crop yields and organic carbon storage of a typical rice–wheat agro-ecosystem of China. Biol Fertil Soils 44:187–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Singh RP, Das SK, Bhaskara Rao UM, Narayana Reddy M (1990) Towards sustainable dryland agricultural practices. CRIDA, HyderabadGoogle Scholar
  35. Smith P, Martino D, Cai ZC et al (2008) Greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363(1492):789–813CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Soegaard H, Jensen ON, Boegh E (2003) Carbon dioxide exchange over agricultural landscape using eddy correlation and foot print modeling. Agric For Meteorol 114:153–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Song GH, Li LQ, Pan GX, Zhang Q (2005) Topsoil organic carbon storage of China and its loss by cultivation. Biogeochemistry 74:47–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Stewart CE, Paustian K, Conant RT, Plante AF, Six J (2009) Soil carbon saturation: implications for measurable carbon pool dynamics in long-term incubations. Soil Biol Biochem 41:357–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wang QX, Koshikawa H, Liu C, Otsubo K (2014) 30-year changes in the nitrogen inputs to the Yangtze River Basin. Environ Res Lett 9:115005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wu J (2001) Carbon accumulation in paddy soil ecosystems in subtropical China: evidence from landscape studies. Eur J Soil Sci 62:29–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Xie Z, Zhu J, Liu G (2007) Soil organic carbon stocks in China and changes from 1980s to 2000s. Glob Change Biol 13:1989–2007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Xu H, Yang LZ, Zhao GM, Jiao JG, Yin SX, Liu ZP (2009) Anthropogenic impact on surface water quality in Taihu lake region, China. Pedosphere. 19(6):765–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Xuan D, Guong V, Rosling A, Alström S, Chai B, Högberg N (2012) Different crop rotation systems as drivers of change in soil bacterial community structure and yield of rice, Oryza sativa. Biol Fertil Soils 48:217–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Yoshida S, Forno DA, Cock JH, Gomez KA (1976) Laboratory manual for physicological studies of rice, 3rd edn. International Rice Research Institute, ManilaGoogle Scholar
  45. Zhang WJ, Wang XJ, Xu MG, Huang SW, Liu H, Peng C (2010) Soil organic carbon dynamics under long-term fertilizations in arable land of northern China. Biogeosciences 7:409–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zhang WJ, Xu MG, Wang XJ, Huang QH, Nie J, Li ZZ, Li SL, Hang SW, Lee KB (2012) Effects of organic amendments on soil carbon sequestration in paddy fields of subtropical China. J Soils Sedim 4:457–470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zuo LJ, Wang X, Liu F, Li Y (2013) Spatial exploration of multiple cropping efficiency in China based on time series remote sensing data and econometric model. J Integr Agric 12:903–913CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of Arable Land, Jiangsu, Ministry of Agriculture, China/Institute of Agricultural Resource and Environmental SciencesJiangsu Academy of Agricultural SciencesNanjingChina
  2. 2.Jiangsu Yanjiang Institute of Agricultural SciencesRugaoChina

Personalised recommendations