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Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 107, Issue 2, pp 247–264 | Cite as

Provincial potassium balance of farmland in China between 1980 and 2010

  • Yingxia Liu
  • Jingyi Yang
  • Wentian He
  • Jinchuan Ma
  • Qiang Gao
  • Qiuliang Lei
  • Ping He
  • Haiyan Wu
  • Sami Ullah
  • Fuqiang Yang
Original Article

Abstract

Great changes have been happened over the past 30 years in chemical fertilizer input in China, and thus a gross potassium (K) budget model established to evaluate the variation of farmland K balance for China in 1980 and 2010 at the national scale is important. Results indicated that total K input in 1980 was 6.8 million tonnes, in which chemical fertilizer, organic manure and other sources accounted for 5.6, 77.5 and 16.9% respectively. Total K input in 2010 was 21.6 million tonnes, in which chemical fertilizer, organic manure and other sources accounted for 43.5, 50.4 and 6.1% respectively. Total K output in 1980 was 8.1 million tonnes, in which crops removal and loss accounted for 98.2 and 1.8% respectively. Total K output in 2010 was 19.1 million tonnes, in which crops removal and loss accounted for 99.2 and 0.8%, respectively. Similar to K input, the spatial distribution of K output differed greatly. Total K deficit was 1.3 million tonnes, and the range of K balance in each province was −86.7 to 53.6 kg K2O ha−1 in 1980. Compared with that, total K surplus was 2.5 million tonnes and the range of K balance in each province was −43.0 to 256.6 kg K2O ha−1 in 2010. Chemical fertilizer K application over the past 30 years makes the great changes in average K balance from deficit to surplus in general; however, the great spatial variation in K balance drives urgent need for site-specific K nutrient management.

Keywords

Potassium balance Chemical fertilizer Organic manure Potassium use efficiency Crops removal 

Abbreviations

AH

Anhui

BJ

Beijing

CQ

Chongqing

FJ

Fujian

GD

Guangdong

GS

Gansu

GX

Guangxi

GZ

Guizhou

HEB

Hebei

HEN

Henan

HLJ

Heilongjiang

HN

Hainan

HUB

Hubei

HUN

Hunan

JL

Jilin

JS

Jiangsu

JX

Jiangxi

K

Potassium

KUE

Potassium use efficiency

LN

Liaoning

MLYR

The middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River

N

Nitrogen

NC

North central

NE

Northeast

NMG

Inner Mongolia

NW

Northwest

NX

Ningxia

P

Phosphorus

QH

Qinghai

SC

Sichuan

SD

Shandong

SE

Southeast

SH

Shanghai

SNX

Shaanxi

SW

Southwest

SX

Shanxi

TJ

Tianjin

XJ

Xinjiang

XZ

Tibet

YN

Yunnan

ZJ

Zhejiang

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the National Key Research and Development Plan (2016YFD0200101), the National Basic Research program of China (973 program) (2013CB127405), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 31471942 and 31272243), International Plant Nutrition Institute (IPNI) and CAAS-IPNI Joint Lab for Plant Nutrition Innovation Research.

Supplementary material

10705_2017_9833_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (31 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 31 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yingxia Liu
    • 1
  • Jingyi Yang
    • 2
  • Wentian He
    • 3
  • Jinchuan Ma
    • 3
  • Qiang Gao
    • 1
  • Qiuliang Lei
    • 3
  • Ping He
    • 3
    • 4
  • Haiyan Wu
    • 5
  • Sami Ullah
    • 3
  • Fuqiang Yang
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Resources and EnvironmentJilin Agricultural UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Horrow Research and Development CentreAgriculture and Agri-Food CanadaHarrowCanada
  3. 3.Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional PlanningChinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS)BeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.International Plant Nutrition Institute (IPNI) China ProgramCAAS-IPNI Joint Lab for Plant Nutrition Innovation ResearchBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Environment and Resources CenterJilin Academy of Agricultural SciencesChangchunPeople’s Republic of China

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