Advertisement

Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 107, Issue 2, pp 187–196 | Cite as

Accumulation and apparent recovery of N, P and K after the incorporation of gliricidia and manure in intercropping during the cultivation of corn–cowpea–cotton

  • Marlon  da Silva Garrido
  • Rômulo Simões Cezar Menezes
  • Everardo Valadares  de Sá Barreto Sampaio
  • Tereza Raquel Rodrigues Marques
  • Nelci Olszevski
Original Article

Abstract

Fertilization with manure is widely adopted by farmers in the semiarid region of northeastern Brazil, although the quantity of available manure is limited. Thus, among other alternatives, gliricidia has been used as an additional source of organic fertilizer. The objective of this study was to evaluate the accumulation and apparent recovery of N, P and K after using different forms of gliricidia and manure application in the intercropping of corn, cowpea and cotton in three crop cycles in the semi-arid northeast region of Brazil. The following treatments were used: gliricidia incorporated into the soil before planting; gliricidia spread on the surface of the soil at 45 days after planting; manure and gliricidia incorporated into the soil before planting; manure incorporated into the soil before planting and gliricidia spread on the surface of the soil at 45 days after planting; manure incorporated into the soil before planting; and no addition of organic fertilizer (control). Accumulations followed the same pattern as biomass production but differed greatly from the concentrations. Low apparent recoveries were obtained in the first and second cycles, and high apparent recoveries were obtained in the third cycle. The nutrient balances indicated that the incorporation of gliricidia before planting or spread on the surface does not meet crop needs. The incorporation of manure as well as manure and gliricidia when applied on the surface, were able to meet growth needs and maintain soil fertility.

Keywords

Organic fertilization Nutrient balances Family farming Semiarid northeastern Brazil Sustainable agriculture 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding was provided by CNPq (Grant No. ID0EQGAE935).

References

  1. Barreto AC, Fernandes MF (2001) Cultivo de Gliricidia sepium e Leucaena leucocephala em alamedas visando a melhoria dos solos dos tabuleiros costeiros. Pesq Agrop Bras 36:1287–1293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blaise D, Bonde AN, Chaudhary RS (2005) Nutrient uptake and balance of cotton + pigeonpea strip intercropping on rainfed Vertisols of central India. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 73:135–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ciociola Junior AI, Martinez SS (2002) Nim: alternativa no controle de pragas e doenças. EPAMIG, Belo Horizonte (Boletim Técnico, 67) Google Scholar
  4. Donagema GK, Campos DVB, Calderano SB, Teixeira WG, Viana JHM (2011) Manual de métodos de análise de solo, 2nd edn. Embrapa Solos, Rio de Janeiro, p 230Google Scholar
  5. Fageria NK (1998) Otimização da eficiência nutricional na produção das culturas. Rev Bras Eng Agríc Amb 2:6–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ferreira DF (2003) Programa de análises estatísticas (statistical analysis software) e planejamento de experimentos—SISVAR 5.0 (Build 67). DEX/UFLA, LavrasGoogle Scholar
  7. Garrido MS, Sampaio EVSB, Menezes RSC (2008) Potencial de adubação orgânica com esterco no Nordeste do Brasil. In: Menezes RSC, Sampaio EVSB, Sampaio IHS (eds) Fertilidade do solo e produção de biomassa no semi-árido. Editora Universitária UFPE, Recife, pp 123–140Google Scholar
  8. INMET—Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia. Série histórica: dados mensais. Disponível em: http://www.inmet.gov.br/portal/index.php?r=bdmep/bdmep. Accessed 20 Oct 2016
  9. Malavolta E, Vitti GC, Oliveira AS (1997) Avaliação do estado nutricional das plantas: princípio e aplicações, 2nd edn. Potafos, Piracicaba, p 319Google Scholar
  10. Marin AMP, Menezes RSC, Salcedo IH (2007) Produtividade de milho solteiro ou em aléias de gliricídia adubadas com duas fontes orgânicas. Pesq Agrop Bras 42:669–677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Menezes RSC, Salcedo IH (2007) Mineralização de N após incorporação de adubos orgânicos em um Neossolo Regolítico cultivado com milho. Rev Bras Eng Agríc Amb 11:361–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mundus S, Menezes RSC, Neergaard A, Garrido MS (2008) Maize growth and soil nitrogen availability after fertilization with cattle manure and/or gliricidia in semi-arid NE Brazil. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 82:61–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Nandwa SN, Bekunda MA (1998) Research on nutrient flows and balances in East and Southern Africa: state-of-art. Agric, Ecossyst Envir 71:5–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Oliveira FJ (1993) Combinação de espaçamento e populações de plantas de Caupi e de milho em monocultura e consorciado. Pesq Agropec Bras 28:931–945Google Scholar
  15. Sampaio EVSB, Oliveira NMB, Nascimento PRF (2007) Eficiência da adubação com esterco bovino e com Egeria densa. Rev Bras Ci Solo 31:995–1002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Severino LS, Ferreira GB, Moraes CRA, Gondin TMS, Cardoso GD, Viriato JR, Beltrão NEM (2006) Produtividade e crescimento da mamoneira em resposta à adubação orgânica e mineral. Pesq Agropec Bras 14:879–882CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Silva TO, Menezes RSC (2007) Adubação orgânica da Batata com esterco e, ou, crotalaria juncea. II-Disponibilidade de N, P e K no solo ao longo do ciclo de cultivo. Rev Bras Ci Solo 31:51–61Google Scholar
  18. Thomas RL, Sheard RW, Moyer JR (1967) Comparison of conventional and automated procedure for nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium analysis of plant material using single digest. Agron J 59:240–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marlon  da Silva Garrido
    • 1
  • Rômulo Simões Cezar Menezes
    • 2
  • Everardo Valadares  de Sá Barreto Sampaio
    • 2
  • Tereza Raquel Rodrigues Marques
    • 3
  • Nelci Olszevski
    • 1
  1. 1.Colegiado de Engenharia Agrícola e AmbientalUniversidade Federal do Vale do São FranciscoJuazeiroBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Energia Nuclear da Universidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  3. 3.Técnica de laboratório de Química do Instituto Federal de Pernambuco - Campus Afogados da IngazeiraAfogados da IngazeiraBrazil

Personalised recommendations