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Relative efficiency of diammonium phosphate and mussoorie rock phosphate on productivity and phosphorus balance in a rice–rapeseed–mungbean cropping system

Abstract

The field experiments were conducted at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India for 3 years from 2001–2002 to 2003–2004 to study the relative efficiency of diammonium phosphate (DAP) and Mussoorie rock phosphate along with phosphorus solubilizing bacteria inoculation (MRP + PSB) at different rates of application on productivity and phosphorus balance in a rice-rapeseed-mungbean cropping system. Phosphorus application significantly increased the productivity of rice-rapeseed-mungbean cropping system and resulted in an increase in 0.5 M NaHCO3 extractable P content in soil. The relative agronomic effectiveness (RAE) of MRP + PSB in relation to DAP as judged by the total productivity was 53–65% in the first cycle but reached 69–106% in the third cycle of the cropping system. The P balance (application—crop removal) was generally more positive for MRP + PSB than DAP and the highest P balance was recorded with an application of 52.5 kg P ha−1 as MRP + PSB, resulted in highest 0.5 M NaHCO3 extractable P content in soil. The present study, thus, shows that MRP + PSB could be usefully employed as an alternative to DAP in long term in the rice–rapeseed–mungbean cropping system.

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Acknowledgments

All the authors duly acknowledge the financial assistance received from the Indian Council of Agricultural Research to carry out this investigation in the form of Cess-Fund Research Project. Our sincere thanks are due to Director and Head of the Division of Agronomy, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi for their advice and support. Rajendra Prasad is grateful to the Indian National Science Academy for granting him an INSA Honorary Scientist Position.

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Sharma, S.N., Prasad, R., Shivay, Y.S. et al. Relative efficiency of diammonium phosphate and mussoorie rock phosphate on productivity and phosphorus balance in a rice–rapeseed–mungbean cropping system. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 86, 199–209 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-009-9284-5

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Keywords

  • Available P
  • CO2 evolution
  • Diammonium phosphate
  • Mussoorie rock phosphate
  • Phosphorus balance
  • Phosphorus solubilizing bacteria
  • Productivity
  • Relative agronomic effectiveness