Ductile fracture prediction and forming assessment of AA6061-T6 aluminum alloy sheets
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In this paper, an extension to a modified Gurson porous ductile material model, namely the Dung’s model, is introduced to investigate ductile fracture processes of AA6061-T6 aluminum alloy sheets. The combined Dung–Hill48 model accounts for anisotropic hardening effects of the matrix material. The constitutive model is implemented as a user-defined material subroutine in ABAQUS/Explicit to predict ductile fracture and formability of the aluminum alloy sheets. Ductile fracture predictability of the model comes from the description of void growth in an anisotropic strain hardening material. After being calibrated the model is applied to establish a fracture plastic strain–triaxiality relation using only tensile test data of smooth and R-notched specimens. Calculations of forming limits from seven deep drawing simulations with Nakajima specimens estimate the formability of the material. Influence of the material anisotropy on the obtained forming limit diagram is discussed.
KeywordsDuctile fracture Sheet metal Forming limit diagram Anisotropic material Hill 48 criterion
This research is funded by Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City (VNU-HCM) under Grant No. C2017-20-05.
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