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International Journal of Fracture

, Volume 175, Issue 2, pp 95–108 | Cite as

Dynamic crack nucleation and propagation in polycrystalline aluminum aggregates subjected to large inelastic deformations

  • K. I. Elkhodary
  • M. A. Zikry
Original Paper

Abstract

The major objective of this work has been to apply a new compatibility-based fracture theory to the investigation of dynamic failure of polycrystalline metals and alloys. To model the nucleation and propagation of failure surfaces at the microstructural scale, under large deformations and dynamic loading conditions, a general fracture criterion based on the integral law of compatibility is used. This new fracture criterion, was coupled with rate-dependent dislocation-density based crystalline plasticity formulations to elucidate the microstructural mechanisms related to the evolution of intergranular and transgranular failure and to understand how grain sizes and strain-rate sensitivity affect aggregate strength, ductility, and dynamic damage tolerance. It is shown that cracks commonly nucleate at triple junctions and at grain boundaries as intergranular cracks, and that slip bands through grains result in transgranular cracks.

Keywords

Dynamic fracture Cracks Polycrystals Crystalline plasticity Dislocation densities Large deformations Finite elements 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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