International Journal of Fracture

, Volume 147, Issue 1–4, pp 3–11 | Cite as

Reciprocity in fracture and defect mechanics

  • R. Kienzler
Original Paper


For defects in solids, when displaced within the material, reciprocity relations have been established recently similar to the theorems attributed to Betti and Maxwell. These theorems are applied to crack- and defect-interaction problems.


Reciprocity Fracture Defect interaction Material forces 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Production EngineeringUniversity of BremenBremenGermany

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