Entanglement in the Interaction Between Two Quantum Oscillators Systems
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The fundamental quantum dynamics of two interacting oscillator systems are studied in two different scenarios. In one case, both oscillators are assumed to be linear, whereas in the second case, one oscillator is linear and the other is a non-linear, angular-momentum oscillator; the second case is, of course, more complex in terms of energy transfer and dynamics. These two scenarios have been the subject of much interest over the years, especially in developing an understanding of modern concepts in quantum optics and quantum electronics. In this work, however, these two scenarios are utilized to consider and discuss the salient features of quantum behaviors resulting from the interactive nature of the two oscillators, i.e., coherence, entanglement, spontaneous emission, etc., and to apply a measure of entanglement in analyzing the nature of the interacting systems.
The Heisenberg equation for both coupled oscillator scenarios are developed in terms of the relevant reduced kinematics operator variables and parameterized commutator relations. For the second scenario, by setting the relevant commutator relations to one or zero, respectively, the Heisenberg equations are able to describe the full quantum or classical motion of the interaction system, thus allowing us to discern the differences between the fully quantum and fully classical dynamical picture.
For the coupled linear and angular-momentum oscillator system in the fully quantum-mechanical description, we consider special examples of two, three, four-level angular momentum systems, demonstrating the explicit appearances of entanglement. We also show that this entanglement persists even as the coupled angular momentum oscillator is taken to the limit of a large number of levels, a limit which would go over to the classical picture for an uncoupled angular momentum oscillator.
Key words:entanglement coupled-boson representation spontaneous emission
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