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Foundations of Physics

, Volume 40, Issue 9–10, pp 1651–1667 | Cite as

Invariance and Objectivity

  • Gerhard Vollmer
Article
  • 141 Downloads

Abstract

Scientific knowledge should not only be true, it should be as objective as possible. It should refer to a reality independent of any subject. What can we use as a criterion of objectivity? Intersubjectivity (i.e., intersubjective understandability and intersubjective testability) is necessary, but not sufficient. Other criteria are: independence of reference system, independence of method, non-conventionality. Is there some common trait? Yes, there is: invariance under some specified transformations. Thus, we say: A proposition is objective only if its truth is invariant against a change in the conditions under which it was formulated. We give illustrations from geometry, perception, neurobiology, relativity theory, and quantum theory. Such an objectivist position has many advantages.

Keywords

Invariance Objectivity Intersubjectivity Realism Projective epistemology 

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BraunschweigGermany

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