Foundations of Science

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 133–135 | Cite as

What is a Cognitive Process?

  • Fred Adams


In this commentary to Serrano et al. (2013), I applaud this foundation article for being a breath of fresh air because it addresses the question “What is cognition?” Too often in the cognitive sciences, we leave that question unanswered or worse, unasked. I come not to criticize but to offer a helpful suggestion aimed a pulling together some of the separate strands weaved throughout this article.


Cognition Causation Constitution  Embodied Extended 


  1. Adams, F., & Aizawa, K. (2008). The bounds of cognition. Oxford: Blackwell/Wiley.Google Scholar
  2. Adams, F. (2010). Why we still need a mark of the cognitive. Cognitive Systems Research, 11, 324–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adams, F., & Garrison, R. (2012). The mark of the cognitive. In F. Adams, & K. Aizawa (Eds.), Special issue of minds & machines entitled the material basis of cognition and neuroscience. Springer (on-line first appeared November).Google Scholar
  4. Goldin-Meadow, S. (2003). Hearing gesture: How our hands help us think. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Goldin-Meadow, S. (2004). How our hands help us learn. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 9, 234–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Serrano, J. I., del Castillo, M. D., Carretero, M. (2013). Cognitive? Science? Foundations of Science.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Linguistics and Cognitive ScienceUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA

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