Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 177–185 | Cite as

Comparative skin transcriptome of two Oujiang color common carp (Cyprinus carpio var. color) varieties

  • Jinxing Du
  • Xiaowen Chen
  • Jun Wang
  • Honglin Chen
  • Wucheng Yue
  • Guoqing Lu
  • Chenghui WangEmail author


Body color variation has long been a hot research topic in evolutionary and functional biology. Oujiang color common carp (Cyprinus carpio var. color) is a well-known economical and ornamental fish. Three main types of pigments and four distinct color patterns are typical characters of Oujiang color common carp, which makes it an excellent fish model to study body coloration. In this study, skin transcriptome assembly and comparisons were conducted in two Oujiang color common carp varieties: whole red and whole white. Transcriptome comparison revealed that more differentially expressed energy metabolism genes were upregulated in whole white compared to whole red. The results indicated that energy metabolism genes might be strongly associated with environmental adaption and growth performance and likely affect the red and white color formation in Oujiang color common carp. Our study provided direct guidance for the aquaculture industrials of Oujiang color common carp and presented valuable genetic resources for body color research in fish.


Body color Pigmentation genes Energy metabolism Growth performance 



We would like to thank the Holland Computing Center (HCC) at the University of Nebraska for computational support and technical assistance.


This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31372521, 31772840), Guangxi Innovative Development Project (AA17204095-7), Leading Agricultural Talents in Shanghai Project (D-8004-16-0217), the Shanghai Science and Technology Project (15391900800), and Innovation Project of Shanghai Ocean University Graduate Education (A1-0209-15-0903-2).

Compliance with ethical standards

All experiments in this study were performed under the guidance of ethical regulation from the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUS) of Shanghai Ocean University (Shanghai, China).

Supplementary material

10695_2018_551_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1 mb)
Supplementary Figure S1–S4 (DOCX 1066 kb)
10695_2018_551_MOESM2_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary Table S1 Primer sequences, amplicon sizes, qPCR efficiency, and coefficient of determination of standard curves for each gene. (DOCX 18 kb)
10695_2018_551_MOESM3_ESM.xlsx (15 kb)
Supplementary Table S2 GO enrichment analysis for specifically expressed genes in WR (XLSX 14 kb)
10695_2018_551_MOESM4_ESM.xlsx (17 kb)
Supplementary Table S3 GO enrichment analysis for specifically expressed genes in WW (XLSX 17 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jinxing Du
    • 1
  • Xiaowen Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jun Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Honglin Chen
    • 1
  • Wucheng Yue
    • 1
    • 3
  • Guoqing Lu
    • 4
  • Chenghui Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources for Freshwater Aquaculture and FisheriesShanghai Ocean UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.National Demonstration Center for Experimental Fisheries Science EducationShanghai Ocean UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Shanghai Engineering Research Center of AquacultureShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Department of BiologyUniversity of Nebraska at OmahaOmahaUSA
  5. 5.Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fisheries Germplasm Resources, Ministry of AgricultureShanghai Ocean UniversityShanghaiChina

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