Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 155–166 | Cite as

Involvement of HPI-axis in anesthesia with Lippia alba essential oil citral and linalool chemotypes: gene expression in the secondary responses in silver catfish

  • Carine de Freitas Souza
  • Sharine Descovi
  • Matheus Dellaméa Baldissera
  • Kalyne Bertolin
  • Adriane Erbice Bianchini
  • Rosa Helena Veraz Mourão
  • Denise Schmidt
  • Berta Maria Heinzmann
  • Alfredo Antoniazzi
  • Bernardo Baldisserotto
  • Gonzalo Martinez-RodríguezEmail author


In teleost fish, stress initiates a hormone cascade along the hypothalamus-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) axis to provoke several physiological reactions in order to maintain homeostasis. In aquaculture, a number of factors induce stress in fish, such as handling and transport, and in order to reduce the consequences of this, the use of anesthetics has been an interesting alternative. Essential oil (EO) of Lippia alba is considered to be a good anesthetic; however, its distinct chemotypes have different side effects. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate, in detail, the expression of genes involved with the HPI axis and the effects of anesthesia with the EOs of two chemotypes of L. alba (citral EO-C and linalool EO-L) on this expression in silver catfish, Rhamdia quelen. Anesthesia with the EO-C is stressful for silver catfish because there was an upregulation of the genes directly related to stress: slc6a2, crh, hsd20b, hspa12a, and hsp90. In this study, it was also possible to observe the importance of the hsd11b2 gene in the response to stress by handling. The use of EO-C as anesthetics for fish is not recommended, but, the use of OE-L is indicated for silver catfish as it does not cause major changes in the HPI axis.


Fish Stress Anesthesia Natural products mRNA 



Authors are grateful to the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico (CNPq), Comissão de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), and INCT-ADAPTA 2 (CNPq).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carine de Freitas Souza
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sharine Descovi
    • 1
  • Matheus Dellaméa Baldissera
    • 3
  • Kalyne Bertolin
    • 4
  • Adriane Erbice Bianchini
    • 1
  • Rosa Helena Veraz Mourão
    • 5
  • Denise Schmidt
    • 6
  • Berta Maria Heinzmann
    • 7
  • Alfredo Antoniazzi
    • 4
  • Bernardo Baldisserotto
    • 1
  • Gonzalo Martinez-Rodríguez
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Departamento de Fisiologia e FarmacologiaUniversidade Federal de Santa Maria – UFSMSanta MariaBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de Ciencias Marinas de Andalucía, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)CádizSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Programa de Pós-graduação em FarmacologiaUniversidade Federal de Santa Maria – UFSMSanta MariaBrazil
  4. 4.Laboratório de Reprodução Animal – BiorepUniversidade Federal de Santa Maria – UFSMSanta MariaBrazil
  5. 5.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Recursos Naturais da Amazônia, Laboratório de Bioprospecção e Biologia ExperimentalUniversidade Federal do Oeste do Pará–UFOPASantarémBrazil
  6. 6.Departamento de Agronomia e Ciências AmbientaisUniversidade Federal de Santa MariaFrederico WestphalenBrazil
  7. 7.Departamento de Farmácia IndustrialUniversidade Federal de Santa Maria – UFSMSanta MariaBrazil

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