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Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 853–868 | Cite as

Gastrointestinal and hepatic enzyme activities in juvenile silvery-black porgy (Sparidentex hasta) fed essential amino acid-deficient diets

  • Morteza Yaghoubi
  • Mansour Torfi Mozanzadeh
  • Omid Safari
  • Jasem G. Marammazi
Article

Abstract

As amino acids (AAs) are vital molecules in the metabolism of all living organisms and are the building blocks of enzymes, a 6-week feeding trial was conducted for determining the influence of dietary essential amino acid (EAA) deficiencies on pancreatic, plasma, and hepatic enzyme activities in silvery-black porgy (initial weight 4.7 ± 0.01 g) juveniles. Eleven isoproteic (ca. 47%) and isoenergetic (ca. 20.5 MJ kg−1) diets were formulated including a control diet, in which 60% of dietary nitrogen were provided by intact protein (fish meal, gelatin, and wheat meal) and 40% by crystalline AA. The other 10 diets were formulated by 40% reduction in each EAA from the control diet. At the end of the experiment, fish fed with threonine-deficient diet showed the lowest survival rate (P < 0.05), whereas growth performance decreased in fish fed all EAA-deficient diets, although the reduction in body growth varied depending on the EAA considered. Pancreatic enzymes (trypsin, lipase, α-amylase, and carboxypeptidase A) activities significantly decreased in fish fed the EAA-deficient diets in comparison with fish fed the control diet (P < 0.05). Fish fed with the arginine-deficient diet had the highest plasma and liver alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase levels (P < 0.05). Plasma and liver lactate dehydrogenase and superoxide dismutase showed the highest and lowest values, respectively, in fish fed the arginine and lysine-deficient diets (P < 0.05). Plasma metabolites were significantly affected by dietary EAA deficiencies (P < 0.05). The results of this study suggesting dietary EAA deficiencies led to reduction in growth performance as well as pancreatic and liver malfunction. Furthermore, arginine and lysine are the most limited EAA for digestive enzyme activities and liver health in silvery-black porgy.

Keywords

Digestive enzymes Essential amino acid deficiency Liver health Plasma biochemistry Sparidentex hasta 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This article is extracted from the project recorded under code number of 92011610 and financially supported by Iran National Science Foundation. We are grateful to the director and staff of the Mariculture Research Station, Sarbandar, Iran, for providing the necessary facilities for the experiment.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Morteza Yaghoubi
    • 1
  • Mansour Torfi Mozanzadeh
    • 1
  • Omid Safari
    • 2
  • Jasem G. Marammazi
    • 1
  1. 1.Agriculture Research, Education and Extension, Iran Fisheries Research Organization (IFRO)South Iran Aquaculture Research CenterAhwazIran
  2. 2.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources and EnvironmentFerdowsi University of MashhadKhorasan RazaviIran

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