Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 1721–1730 | Cite as

Reference gene selection for real-time RT-PCR normalization in rice field eel (Monopterus albus) during gonad development

  • Qing Hu
  • Wei Guo
  • Yu Gao
  • Rong Tang
  • Dapeng Li


Real-time reverse transcriptase (RT) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) requires data normalization using an appropriate reference gene in order to obtain more reliable results with biological significance. We cloned a partial sequence of elongation factor-1-α (EF1α) and ribosomal protein L17 (RPL17) from Monopterus albus. We investigated the suitability of five commonly used reference genes [18S ribosomal RNA (18S), cytoskeletal protein (β-actin), glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), EF1α and RPL17] as potential quantitative reference genes for normalizing real-time RT-PCR data generated in gonads of different developmental stages and in other tissues of M. albus. Analysis of the data indicated that 18S, β-actin and GAPDH are not suitable as reference genes because of their levels of variations of expression. EF1α and RPL17 might be suitable as reference genes in the gonads of different developmental stages as well as in other tissues of M. albus.


Reference gene Real-time RT-PCR Stability Monopterus albus 



This study was supported by National Department Public Benefit Research Foundation of China (Project No. 201003076), the Twelfth 5-Year National Key Science and Technology Research Program of China (Project No. 2012BAD25B06), the National Natural Foundation of China (Project No. 30970529), and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (2013PY024).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qing Hu
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Wei Guo
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Yu Gao
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Rong Tang
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Dapeng Li
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.College of FisheriesHuazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.Life Science CollegeHunan University of Arts and ScienceChangdeChina
  3. 3.Freshwater Aquaculture Collaborative Innovation Center of Hubei ProvinceWuhanChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Freshwater Animal BreedingMinistry of AgricultureWuhanChina

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